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Westminster Abbey (The Collegiate Church of St Peter)

A Grade I Listed Building in St James's, London

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Latitude: 51.4994 / 51°29'57"N

Longitude: -0.1274 / 0°7'38"W

OS Eastings: 530082

OS Northings: 179491

OS Grid: TQ300794

Mapcode National: GBR HJ.KP

Mapcode Global: VHGQZ.RK1X

Entry Name: Westminster Abbey (The Collegiate Church of St Peter)

Listing Date: 24 February 1958

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1291494

English Heritage Legacy ID: 208810

Location: Westminster, London, SW1P

County: London

District: City of Westminster

Electoral Ward/Division: St James's

Built-Up Area: City of Westminster

Traditional County: Middlesex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: Westminster Abbey Extra Parochial Place

Church of England Diocese: London

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Listing Text

92/57 ;101/1
Westminster Abbey (The
24.2.58 Collegiate Church of St Peter)
(Formerly listed under General)


Abbey church. Edward the Confessor's church of c.1050-65, rebuilding begun by
Henry III, 1245; the chancel, transepts and 5 bays of nave completed by 1269;
new nave and west front 1375-1400 by Henry Yevele master mason, completed 1506,
excluding the upper part of the west towers; Henry VII Chapel begun as new
Lady Chapel 1503, completed as Chantry chapel c.1512, probably by Robert and
William Virtue; the west towers 1735-40 by Hawksmoor; major C18 and C19
restorations by Wren, Henry Keene, James Wyatt, Benjamin Wyatt, Blore, Sir
George Gilbert Scott and J. C. Pearson, as Surveyors to the Fabric; "anti-
scrape" preservation introduced by Micklethwaite and Lethaby. Reigate stone
with Huddlestone stone for Henry VII's Chapel. Geometrical gothic,
exceptionally French in plan with aisled, 11-bay nave, transepts and chancel
with ambulatory and radiating chapels, and French in the height of the vault
with its 2 tiers of flying buttresses. Specifically English in the distinguishing
feature of a full gallery instead of a triforium and in the way in which Yevele's
nave respectfully continues the style of the Henry III work. Yevele's
Perpendicular appears on the west front and porch, very similar to his Westminster
Hall design. Henry VII's Chapel has boldly modelled Late Perpendicular detailing.
The west towers have Hawksmoor's individual blending of Gothic verticality with
Baroque details. Interior has Purbeck marble piers and shafting; quadripartite
vaulting with ridge rib and bosses; transverse and tierceron ribs introduced
in nave, with Perpendicular details to the bosses in Yevele's work. Stained
glass: a few reset C13 fragments, otherwise C15/C16; C18, C19 and C20; cosmati
pavements in feretory and Presbytery, etc. Exceptional furnishing and unique
collection of monuments and sculpture, etc. The Abbey is the English St Denis
and Reims in one, a unique embodiment of church, state and crown, and national

R. C. H. M.
W. R. Lethaby 1906 and 1923
London, Vol I; N Pevsner

Listing NGR: TQ3008379495

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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