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Great Sluice

A Grade II Listed Building in Braunton, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.0867 / 51°5'12"N

Longitude: -4.175 / 4°10'30"W

OS Eastings: 247764

OS Northings: 134178

OS Grid: SS477341

Mapcode National: GBR KL.CS5F

Mapcode Global: FRA 2647.WVJ

Entry Name: Great Sluice

Listing Date: 14 November 1985

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1310114

English Heritage Legacy ID: 98299

Location: Braunton, North Devon, Devon, EX33

County: Devon

District: North Devon

Civil Parish: Braunton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Braunton St Brannock

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

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Listing Text

SS 43 SE BRAUNTON BRAUNTON MARSH

9/36 Great Sluice
-

- II

Sluice to drain marshes. Circa 1811 to 1815 by James Green, engineer. Coursed and
dressed stone revetment walls with 3 segmentally arched sluice openings with 2
semi-circular retaining walls. The piers are grooved for sluice gates to slide
down. Continuous impost around piers and retaining walls at springing level of
arches.
The opposite outer end of sluice has retaining walls at right angles either side
and 2 large projecting round-ended piers either side of timber sluice gates to
single arched sluice.
Braunton Marsh was probably reclaimed in the Middle Ages from tidal waters of the
River Taw, but from 1811-15 the marsh was more extensively drained after
authorization by Act of Parliament (1811) as a result of the endeavours of the
Lords of the Manors of Braunton Gorges, Braunton Abbotts, Braunton Arundel and
Saunton and others who had grazing rights on the marshes. They sought to enclose
Braunton Marsh which was regularly flooded by tidal water. 949 acres were
reclaimed. John Pascoe was the surveyor and James Green (County Surveyor) the
engineer. The adjacent Horsey Island to the south east was reclaimed between 1852-
1857.
Historically these late enclosures are particularly interesting in Braunton where
the Great Field immediately north of the marsh is oneof only 3 open field systems
to survive in England. Although today (1984) there are only 5 farmers in the Great
Field their holdings are still widely dispersed over the field as they were in the
Middle Ages when there were about 100 farmers.
Reference: A H Slee Trans. Devonshire Assoc. (1969) Vol.100, pp.101-110.
W G Hoskins and H P R Finberg, Devonshire Studies, pp.265-271 and p.332.


Listing NGR: SS4776434178

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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