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23-27, Bedford Street

A Grade II Listed Building in Woburn, Central Bedfordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.9907 / 51°59'26"N

Longitude: -0.6203 / 0°37'12"W

OS Eastings: 494835

OS Northings: 233375

OS Grid: SP948333

Mapcode National: GBR F2D.00W

Mapcode Global: VHFQY.67F7

Entry Name: 23-27, Bedford Street

Listing Date: 16 March 1987

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1321691

English Heritage Legacy ID: 38195

Location: Woburn, Central Bedfordshire, MK17

County: Central Bedfordshire

Civil Parish: Woburn

Built-Up Area: Woburn

Traditional County: Bedfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Bedfordshire

Church of England Parish: Woburn

Church of England Diocese: St.Albans

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Woburn

Listing Text

SP 9433-9533 WOBURN BEDFORD STREET (East Side)
8/92
- Nos 23 to 27 (consecutive)
GV II
Row of Bedford Estate cottages erected by the 7th Duke. Dated 1850. Red
brick laid in a curious rat-trap bond. C20 tile roofs. 2 storeyed group
arranged in a U shape. Symmetrical road elevation has 4 gables to centre.
Ground floor has 2 3-light windows to centre and 2 2-light windows each to
outer bays. First floor has one 2-light window beneath each gable. All are
cast iron lattice casements under slightly cambered heads. Red brick multiple
ridge stacks. The 7th Duke of Bedford recognised the advantages of housing
agricultural labourers in comfortable cottages. From the late 1840's onwards
the emphasis in Bedford estate cottage building was on the utilitarian rather
than the Picturesque. The cottages are not only remarkable for the high
quality of construction at such an early date, but also represent an
influential contribution to the development of working class housing, which
culminated in garden cities and early council housing. The Dukes of Bedford
constructed roughly 500 cottages in the locality between the late 1840's and
World War 1. This cottage group is a good early example of this building
phase. It is similar to plans in the 7th Duke's Plans and Elevations, and
listed on p.99 of the 11th Duke's Great Agricultural Estate. The brickwork is
of particular interest as an early form of cavity walling (cf. note from
Charles Hacker in Plans and Elevations.)
The (7th) Duke of Bedford: Plans and Elevations of Cottages for Agricultural
Labourers, London, 1850, a reprint of letter and plans sent 9 to the Earl
of Chichester, President of the Royal Agricultural Society; The (11th) Duke of
Bedford: A Great Agricultural Estate being the Story of the Origin and
Administration of Woburn and Thorney, London, 1897; Rev. C H Hartshorne:
System of Building Labourers' Cottages pursued on the Estates of His Grace the]
Duke of Bedford, nd. but apparently 1849.


Listing NGR: SP9483533375

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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