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Sandhurst War Memorial

A Grade II Listed Building in Sandhurst, Kent

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.0268 / 51°1'36"N

Longitude: 0.5632 / 0°33'47"E

OS Eastings: 579841

OS Northings: 128399

OS Grid: TQ798283

Mapcode National: GBR PV5.K6D

Mapcode Global: FRA D62D.M6P

Entry Name: Sandhurst War Memorial

Listing Date: 5 July 1993

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1336752

English Heritage Legacy ID: 170358

Location: Sandhurst, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, TN18

County: Kent

District: Tunbridge Wells

Civil Parish: Sandhurst

Built-Up Area: Sandhurst (Tunbridge Wells) BU

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent

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Summary

First World War memorial, 1923, by Sir Edwin Lutyens with later additions for the Second World War.

Description

The memorial stands on the northern part of The Green alongside the main road through the village, with the Grade II-listed Clocktower Monument of 1889 rising behind it on the memorial’s main axis and contributing to perhaps the most elaborate setting of all of Lutyens’ memorial crosses. The memorial comprises a Portland stone War Cross, the shaft lozenge sectioned with a sword and wreath in relief. The shaft tapers into a three-stage rectangular plinth. That carries the inscription: (top section) TO THE BRAVE MEN/ OF/ SANDHURST/ WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES/ IN THE GREAT WARS; (middle section) 1939-1945 (NAMES); (bottom section) 1914-1919 (NAMES). There is a small, shallow, two-stage square base.

From the memorial pairs of parallel strips of Portland stone run outwards, forming a cross in the grass surround. Low, broad, stone benches form the termination of three of the arms, while a small circular flower bed, again edged with Portland stone, lies at the foot of the shaft of the cross arrangement.

This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 26/10/2015


This List entry has been amended to add sources for War Memorials Online and the War Memorials Register. These sources were not used in the compilation of this List entry but are added here as a guide for further reading, 1 December 2016.

History

Sandhurst’s War Memorial Committee, chaired by Herbert Alexander, chose a site on Goddards Green in the heart of the village. It would seem the commission for Lutyens arose through his close personal friendship with James Wilson, a local resident. The memorial was dedicated in August 1923 by Viscount Goschen.
The addition of ‘S’ to the final line of the dedication on the memorial (IN THE GREAT WARS) shows the many and various ways in which people sought to modify memorials to include the fallen of the Second World War.

Sir Edwin Lutyens OM RA (1869-1944) was the leading English architect of his generation. Before the First World War his reputation rested on his country houses and his work at New Delhi, but during and after the war he became the pre-eminent architect for war memorials in England, France and the British Empire. While the Cenotaph in Whitehall (London) had the most influence on other war memorials, the Thiepval Arch was the most influential on other forms of architecture. He designed the Stone of Remembrance which was placed in all Imperial War Graves Commission cemeteries and in some cemeteries in England, including some with which he was not otherwise associated.

Reasons for Listing

Sandhurst War Memorial is listed at Grade II for the following principle reasons:
* Historic interest: as an eloquent witness to the tragic impacts of world events on this community, and the sacrifices it made in the conflicts of the C20;
* Architect: by the nationally renowned architect Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens (1869-1944), who designed extant 58 memorials at home and abroad including the Cenotaph in Whitehall;
* Design: a simple yet elegant cross, exceptionally with kerbing extending outwards to form a cross pattern, with benches and a flower bed at the ends of the cross arms;
* Group value: with nearby listed buildings, notably the Grade II-listed Clocktower Monument.

Selected Sources

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