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Cromwell Building Numbers 5-24 and Attached Railings

A Grade II Listed Building in Southwark, London

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Latitude: 51.5042 / 51°30'15"N

Longitude: -0.0936 / 0°5'37"W

OS Eastings: 532409

OS Northings: 180083

OS Grid: TQ324800

Mapcode National: GBR RG.4Z

Mapcode Global: VHGR0.BGC7

Entry Name: Cromwell Building Numbers 5-24 and Attached Railings

Listing Date: 11 March 1994

Last Amended: 17 September 1998

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1385813

English Heritage Legacy ID: 471225

Location: Southwark, London, SE1

County: London

District: Southwark

Electoral Ward/Division: Cathedrals

Built-Up Area: Southwark

Traditional County: Surrey

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: St Saviour with All Hallows Southwark

Church of England Diocese: Southwark

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Listing Text


636-1/2/631 (West side)
11/03/94 Cromwell Buildings Nos 5-24 (consec)
and attached railings
(Formerly Listed as:
Cromwell Buildings and attached


Flatted philanthropic housing and integral shops. 1864. By
Sydney Waterlow, with Matthew Allen, builder. For Waterlow's
Improved Industrial Dwellings Company. Brick in Flemish bond,
painted stucco or cement facing, and cast concrete details;
roof parapeted.
5 storeys. End blocks of one window each, stretching between a
recessed open-stair, balcony range. Flats entered via the
balconies. Walls to balconies are rendered, painted, and
treated as blind, round-arched arcading pierced by windows and
doors. Rubbish chute in centre. Railings to area and
balconies. Shop to ground floor of each end range, with
bracket fascia of original design.
INTERIOR: not inspected.
HISTORICAL NOTE: Sydney Waterlow's IIDC was one of the most
successful of Victorian providers of low-cost rented
accommodation which was also commercial. Founded in 1863, its
early buildings are among the most distinctive examples of
model dwellings in London. The stairwell and railed balcony
arrangement (with the balcony treated as blind arcading) was
characteristic of IIDC blocks and was designed to improve
ventilation, sanitation and safety. Their history and that of
the philanthropic housing movement is told in 2 books by John
Tarn, 'Working Class Housing in 19th Century Britain' and
'Five per Cent Philanthropy'.
(Tarn J: Working Class Housing in 19th Century Britain: 1971-;
Tarn J: Five Per Cent Philanthropy: 1973-).

Listing NGR: TQ3240980083

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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