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Eastern Gate Piers to Southampton Cemetery

A Grade II Listed Building in Southampton, City of Southampton

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Latitude: 50.9216 / 50°55'17"N

Longitude: -1.411 / 1°24'39"W

OS Eastings: 441493

OS Northings: 113733

OS Grid: SU414137

Mapcode National: GBR RPQ.BZ

Mapcode Global: FRA 76YN.S4B

Entry Name: Eastern Gate Piers to Southampton Cemetery

Listing Date: 8 April 2008

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1392552

English Heritage Legacy ID: 504495

Location: Southampton, SO15

County: City of Southampton

Electoral Ward/Division: Freemantle

Built-Up Area: Southampton

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

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Listing Text

983/0/10070 CEMETERY ROAD
08-APR-08 Eastern gate piers to Southampton Ceme

Gate piers, c.1880.

DESCRIPTION: The eastern gate piers of Southampton Old Cemetery are in a Gothic Revival style, of square-on-plan ashlar, set on a stone base with snecked panels of roughly dressed stone and a blind trefoil decoration at the mid-point in the front elevation. They are capped with trefoil gablets, mirroring the blind trefoil on the main body of the pier. The inner face of each pier has a rough stone pilaster where the gate is hinged and on the outer face is a short pier with gablet cap where each pier meets the cemetery wall. The gates are C20 replacments, consisting of wrought iron vertical bars with a cross hatch iron bar decoration at their mid-point, and are not of special interest.

HISTORY: Southampton Old Cemetery is one of the earliest municipal cemeteries in England. The land for the cemetery was acquired from Southampton Common in 1843 by an Act of Parliament which gave the Corporation control of 15 acres. The Town Council approached the leading landscape gardener, John Claudius Loudon whose work included the cemetery at Histon in Cambridgeshire and Bath Abbey; but his design was rejected. Instead the Town Council organised a competition which was won by William Rogers, a local nurseryman. The cemetery opened in May 1846 as a ten acre site and was extended by a further five acres in 1863. A third phase was added in the early 1880s to bring the Cemetery to its present extent of 27 acres, and featured an avenue of yew trees. The cemetery was provided with three chapels; a Church of England mortuary chapel (listed Grade II, but used as a design studio in 2007); a Jewish mortuary chapel (listed Grade II, in 2007 a privately owned house); and a Nonconformist mortuary chapel (listed Grade II, in 2007 used as a storage area).

The gate piers have group value with other listed buildings in the cemetery, which include the following: the Lodge, possibly by J and J Francis, dated 1848-1882 (listed Grade II); the main gates and gate piers, about 1880 (listed Grade II); the walls to the east side of the cemetery fronting Hill Lane, mid-C19 (listed Grade II); and, within the cemetery, the Pearce Memorial by the sculptor Richard Cockle Lucas, 1861 (listed Grade II). Southampton Cemetery is included in the Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest (GD 2396). There are estimated to be approximately 116,800 burials in the cemetery.

The eastern gates are thought to be part of the third phase extension of the cemetery in the early 1880s, and are shown for the first time on the Ordnance Survey map of 1897.

The eastern gate piers to Southampton Old Cemetery are designated at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Dating to the 1880s, the entrance piers show the development and gradual growth of the cemetery and are therefore of historic interest.
* The gate piers have architectural interest for their Gothic detailing and are a fitting announcement to this C19 municipal cemetery.
* The eastern gate piers to Southampton Old Cemetery have group value with several other listed structures associated with the cemetery, and form part of the Registered landscape.

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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