History in Structure

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No. 17 High Street

A Grade II Listed Building in Bromyard and Winslow, County of Herefordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.1889 / 52°11'20"N

Longitude: -2.5072 / 2°30'26"W

OS Eastings: 365420

OS Northings: 254642

OS Grid: SO654546

Mapcode National: GBR FV.4BP2

Mapcode Global: VH856.H7DS

Entry Name: No. 17 High Street

Listing Date: 28 September 2011

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1401515

Location: Bromyard and Winslow, County of Herefordshire, HR7

County: County of Herefordshire

Civil Parish: Bromyard and Winslow

Built-Up Area: Bromyard

Traditional County: Herefordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Herefordshire

Church of England Parish: Bromyard

Church of England Diocese: Hereford

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Summary

No. 17 High Street, a multi-phase building; now a shop with accommodation above, originating from the C15, with later extension and alteration.

Description

MATERIALS: The main structure of the building is a timber frame. The principal fa├žade is a refronting in brick and the rear elevations are a combination of rough stone and brick. It has a slate roof and brick chimney stacks.

PLAN: The single-bay, three-storey main range of the building is orientated parallel with the High Street, from south-east to north-west. To the rear of the main range is a two-storey extension orientated perpendicularly.

EXTERIOR: The road-facing elevation is painted brick. At ground-floor level there is a large bow window with eight fixed lights and narrow glazing bars. The front door is to the right, has a simple moulded door case, and is glazed with eight lights. Both are late-C20 replacements. At first-floor level there is a two-over-two hornless sash and on a the second floor a one-over-one casement. Both windows have flat-arched brick lintels and projecting cills. There is a parapet with stone coping hiding an inserted gable on the roof. The rear elevation of the primary range is rough stone. The rear extension is painted brick and has two sashes in recessed openings.

INTERIOR: The ground floor of the main range is now one large room with C15 timber framing throughout. There is evidence of the jettied front and the subsequent refronting; the original back wall of the building is apparent and there are disused mortice holes. The beams are particularly substantial and have wide chamfers. The upper floors of the building are accessed via a first-floor entrance to the rear. These were not inspected, but documentary evidence shows they contain visible C15 timber framing and that the rear leaf of the roof is intact.

History

Bromyard is a small market town that was first recorded in circa 840. No. 17 High Street is situated on one of the principal thoroughfares in the town which was known as Novus Vicus in the late C13 and recorded as Newe Streate in 1575. The street appears to have been fully built up by the early C17, though some of the plots have been re-developed since that time.

No. 17 High Street is likely to have origins in the C15, based on stylistic details of the timber framing. It was originally jettied and was refronted in brick; probably in the late-C18 or early C19, at the same time as the two-storey rear range was added. The bow window and front door are late-C20 replacements.

Reasons for Listing


No. 17 High Street is designated at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Architectural interest: in its simple, vernacular character and retention of a significant proportion of its timber frame;
* Early date: originating in the C15 it is one of the earliest buildings in the town;
* Historic interest: it is a good example of the development of the urban vernacular style of the town centre, and its historic development is legible through its surviving fabric;
* Group value: it has strong group value with other nearby listed buildings.

Selected Sources

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