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Tomb of Philip Nowell, Brompton Cemetery

A Grade II Listed Building in Redcliffe, London

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.4855 / 51°29'7"N

Longitude: -0.1898 / 0°11'23"W

OS Eastings: 525784

OS Northings: 177838

OS Grid: TQ257778

Mapcode National: GBR 1P.KN

Mapcode Global: VHGQY.NXHL

Entry Name: Tomb of Philip Nowell, Brompton Cemetery

Listing Date: 21 December 2011

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1403334

Location: Kensington and Chelsea, London, SW10

County: London

District: Kensington and Chelsea

Electoral Ward/Division: Redcliffe

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: Kensington and Chelsea

Traditional County: Middlesex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: St Luke, South Kensington

Church of England Diocese: London

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Summary

Altar tomb for Philip Nowell and family, 1843.

Description

MATERIALS: Portland stone

A Gothic altar tomb comprising a plinth carved with a series of blind trefoiled panels, and a tall central pedestal displaying blind ogee niches with crockets and flanking pinnacles. In front is a ledger slab, inscribed 'Entrance to the family vault of Philip Nowell of Lower Belgrave Place Pimlico', which marks the entrance to the vault beneath.

History

Philip Nowell (c.1781-1853) was a major London builder, based at Grosvenor Wharf, Pimlico. His firm was among the contractors for the building of Belgravia during the early C19, and was also responsible for the construction of the main buildings and boundary walls at Brompton Cemetery. The present tomb was originally erected following the death in 1842 of his son George; his wife Anne and daughters Mary and Catherine, all of whom predeceased him, are also buried within.

Brompton Cemetery was one of the 'magnificent seven' privately-run burial grounds established in the 1830s and 1840s to relieve pressure on London's overcrowded churchyards. It was laid out in 1839-1844 to designs by the architect Benjamin B Baud, who devised a classical landscape of axial drives and vistas with rond-points at the intersections marked by mausolea or ornamental planting, the latter devised by Isaac Finnemore with advice from J C Loudon. The main Ceremonial Way culminates in a dramatic architectural ensemble recalling Bernini's piazza in front of St Peter's in Rome, with flanking colonnades curving outwards to form a Great Circle, closed at its southern end in a domed Anglican chapel (the planned Catholic and Nonconformist chapels were omitted for financial reasons). The cemetery, never a commercial success, was compulsorily purchased by the General Board of Health in the early 1850s, and has remained in state ownership ever since.

Reasons for Listing

* Historic interest: commemorates Philip Nowell, the building contractor responsible for the principal structures at the cemetery;
* Design interest: a large and imposing Gothic altar tomb;
* Group value: it is located within the Grade I-registered Brompton Cemetery and has group value with other listed tombs and structures nearby.

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