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Monument to the Revd John Frederick Blake, Kensal Green Cemetery

A Grade II Listed Building in Kensal Green, London

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.529 / 51°31'44"N

Longitude: -0.2251 / 0°13'30"W

OS Eastings: 523218

OS Northings: 182611

OS Grid: TQ232826

Mapcode National: GBR BD.7YH

Mapcode Global: VHGQR.1TVR

Entry Name: Monument to the Revd John Frederick Blake, Kensal Green Cemetery

Listing Date: 3 April 2012

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1403610

Location: Kensington and Chelsea, London, W10

County: London

District: Kensington and Chelsea

Electoral Ward/Division: Kensal Green

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: Brent

Traditional County: Middlesex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: St Michaell and All Angels Ladbroke Grove

Church of England Diocese: London

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Summary

Funerary monument in the form of a lighthouse, dated 1906.

Description

A funerary monument in the form of a one-metre high model of a lighthouse, similar to the famous Eddystone Light off the coast of Cornwall. The tower is of polished Larvikite (a grey, granite-like igneous rock from Larvik in Norway) with a Carrara marble base carved into rugged rock formations. The upper balustrade is inscribed 'Jesus Light of Life'; the lantern above is of solid glass or crystal. The whole stands at the head of the grave-plot, which is marked out with stone copings and an open book carrying an inscription to Blake and other family members.

History

The Revd John Frederick Blake (1839-1906) was a clergyman, scientist and geologist. Educated at Christ's Hospital and Caius College, Cambridge, he taught mathematics at St Peter's School, York and comparative anatomy at Charing Cross Hospital before becoming Professor of Natural Science at University College Nottingham in 1880. He published books and articles on zoology and geology and was president of the Geological Association in 1891-2; a number of geological terms in use today, most notably 'Pre-Cambrian', were originally his coinages.

The Cemetery of All Souls at Kensal Green was the earliest of the large privately-run cemeteries established on the fringes of London to relieve pressure on overcrowded urban churchyards. Its founder George Frederick Carden intended it as an English counterpart to the great Père-Lachaise cemetery in Paris, which he had visited in 1821. In 1830, with the financial backing of the banker Sir John Dean Paul, Carden established the General Cemetery Company, and two years later an Act of Parliament was obtained to develop a 55-acre site at Kensal Green, then among open fields to the west of the metropolis. An architectural competition was held, but the winning entry – a Gothic scheme by HE Kendall – fell foul of Sir John's classicising tastes, and the surveyor John Griffith of Finsbury was eventually employed both to lay out the grounds and to design the Greek Revival chapels, entrance arch and catacombs, built between 1834 and 1837. A sequence of royal burials, beginning in 1843 with that of Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, ensured the cemetery’s popularity. It is still administered by the General Cemetery Company, assisted since 1989 by the Friends of Kensal Green.

Reasons for Listing

The monument to the Revd John Frederick Blake is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Design interest: a highly distinctive monument, related in its form and materials to the career of the person commemorated;
* Historic interest: commemorates a prominent C19 geologist;
* Group value: with nearby listed monuments within the Grade I registered Kensal Green Cemetery.

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