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Former toll house, 2, Castle Terrace

A Grade II Listed Building in Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.7755 / 55°46'31"N

Longitude: -2.0113 / 2°0'40"W

OS Eastings: 399391

OS Northings: 653578

OS Grid: NT993535

Mapcode National: GBR G1DN.CG

Mapcode Global: WH9YK.23J7

Entry Name: Former toll house, 2, Castle Terrace

Listing Date: 31 January 2012

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1405597

Location: Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, TD15

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Berwick-upon-Tweed

Built-Up Area: Berwick-upon-Tweed

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Berwick Holy Trinity and St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

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Summary

A former toll house constructed between 1839 and 1852.

Description

MATERIALS: Coursed sandstone with ashlar quoins and a dark slate roof.

PLAN: It is L-shaped in plan, overlooking the convergence of three roads, with the front range aligned south-west to north-east.

EXTERIOR: The main elevation faces south-east towards Castle Bridge, while the returns to the south-west and north-east have canted bays overlooking Castle Terrace and North Road respectively. It is constructed in coursed sandstone with ashlar quoins and has a half-hipped dark slate roof with a rolled metal ridge. It is of one storey and L-shaped in plan, with a modern range to the rear along Castle Terrace; this later range is not of special interest. The main elevation is of three bays, with quoined large window openings flanking a central gabled porch with chamfered square pillars and half-glazed sides. The two-leaf door sits within a chamfered surround and is glazed to the upper panels. All windows are renewed.

INTERIOR: This was not inspected; however it is believed to retain an entrance hall with one room to either side.

History

This building has been suggested as having been constructed in the early-C19 and possibly later moved to this position. A toll house first appears on John Wood's map of 1822 positioned to the south of what is now Castle Bridge, while an example in this position is first depicted on the 1852 Board of Health map. A map of 1839 depicting the planned course of the railway also places the toll in the earlier position. It is likely that the property under assessment was purpose-built rather than moved, as the example on John Wood's map was positioned with its east gable end overlooking the ropery, making a bay window to this elevation redundant. This evidence, along with the style of construction, suggests this toll house dates to the period 1839-1852, possibly coinciding with the construction of the railway station in 1847. This move would have meant paying a toll to access the station facilities from the north, whereas the previous position would not. The building was converted into a residential property during the C20, with an extension to the rear added at some point after 1932. This sits on the footprint of some previously attached ranges, most likely a W.C. and coal shed. It has most probably lost a chimney, as a central stack would be expected in a building of this type.

Reasons for Listing

The former toll house at no. 2 Castle Terrace, mid-C19, is designated at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Functional: it demonstrates clear evidence of its original use, with all three working elevations retaining their functional character
* Historic: this toll house overlooks three, rather than the more common one or two roads, including the nationally-significant Great North Road
* Architectural: its position as a focal point, when combined with a design influenced by polite architecture, provides a certain level of authority which is a good example of its type
* Intactness: it is comparable with designated examples of a similar date, with later alterations not affecting the functional character of the property

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