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Preston Colliery War Memorial

A Grade II Listed Building in Preston, North Tyneside

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.0157 / 55°0'56"N

Longitude: -1.4662 / 1°27'58"W

OS Eastings: 434230

OS Northings: 569150

OS Grid: NZ342691

Mapcode National: GBR LB6F.CS

Mapcode Global: WHD4R.G616

Entry Name: Preston Colliery War Memorial

Listing Date: 27 November 2012

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1410878

Location: North Tyneside, NE29

County: North Tyneside

Electoral Ward/Division: Preston

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: Tynemouth

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Tyne and Wear

Church of England Parish: Balkwell St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

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Summary

First World War memorial, 1924 to the designs of Messrs. Cackett and Burns Dick of Newcastle and sculpted by D.W. Foster.

Description

MATERIALS: silver-grey granite, bronze detail and lettering.

DESCRIPTION: the memorial is in the form of a tall, slender, gently tapering, octagonal obelisk resting on an octagonal pedestal, which in turn rests on a three-stepped octagonal base. Towards the top of the obelisk the diagonal faces contain projecting blocks to create an armless cross. Eight carved bosses decorate the top of the pedestal and there is a bronze sword of sacrifice fixed to the face of the obelisk.

The first panel of the pedestal bears the inscription in lead lettering:
TO OUR GLORIOUS DEAD / 1914-18 / PRESTON COLLIERY

And beneath on the top step of the base:
ERECTED BY/J A RITSON & SON

The names of the 65 Fallen are recorded on panels two to six of the pedestal.

This List entry has been amended to add the source for War Memorials Online. This source was not used in the compilation of this List entry but is added here as a guide for further reading, 8 February 2017.

History

At the start of the First World War 900 men were employed at Preston Colliery, and of these 392 joined the war effort, with 65 losing their lives. This war memorial was commissioned by the colliery owners, G.A. Ritson and Sons, and was designed by Messrs. Cackett and Burns Dick of Newcastle. The sculptor was Mr D.W. Foster, whose monumental workshop was nearby. A curving wall to the rear of the obelisk with wooden seats was erected by Messrs. Lant of Newcastle. The memorial was unveiled on Sunday 15th June 1924 by Mr U.A. Ritson, Colliery Chairman, and was dedicated by Rev. R.E. Holmes. The memorial was originally sited at the junction of Queen Alexandra Road and Billy Mill Lane, but was moved to its present location in Preston Cemetery in 1964 due to road development; the curving wall to the rear with wooden seats was not re-erected on the new site.

Reasons for Listing

Preston Colliery war memorial is designated at Grade II, for the following principal reasons:
* Historic interest: it is a poignant reminder of the impact of tragic world events upon an individual community and, thus has strong cultural and historical significance within both a local and national context;
* Design: by the noted regional architectural firm Cackett & Burns Dick, this war memorial is attractive and well-detailed.

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