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The Cottage on the Heath

A Grade II Listed Building in Hampstead Town, London

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5584 / 51°33'30"N

Longitude: -0.1716 / 0°10'17"W

OS Eastings: 526845

OS Northings: 185972

OS Grid: TQ268859

Mapcode National: GBR D0.HDP

Mapcode Global: VHGQR.Z345

Entry Name: The Cottage on the Heath

Listing Date: 23 April 2008

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1417879

Location: Camden, London, NW3

County: London

District: Camden

Electoral Ward/Division: Hampstead Town

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: Camden

Traditional County: Middlesex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: Christ Church Hampstead

Church of England Diocese: London

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Listing Text

GAINSBOROUGH GARDENS
The Cottage on the Heath

GV II

Former stables in Vernacular Revival style, converted to house. Circa 1885 by HS Legg for No 6 Gainsborough Gardens.

MATERIALS: Ground floor in red brick in Flemish bond, upper floor tile hung in alternating bands of plain and fish-scale tiles. Half-hipped roof is plain tiled. Windows are timber casements or sashes.

PLAN: Rectangular in plan, the outer wall forming part of the boundary with the Heath. The land drops steeply at the rear. One and a half storeys, with flush gabled dormers to the north and west elevations. Off-centre axial ridge stack, and tall internal stack at the rear.

EXTERIOR: The building occupies a prominent, bastion-like position in Gainsborough Gardens. Courtyard elevation: This is the most altered elevation of the building. Three irregular bays. The entrance and flanking windows are under tiled canopy supported on pierced iron brackets. The door, vertically boarded with chamfered rails and muntin under a 4-light overlight and flanked by an integral small-paned horned sash to the right and smaller similar sash to the left. The outer bay has a small-paned horned sash under a cambered brick arch. Above a, probably inserted, 2-light casement. To left a shallow 2-light casement dormer. To right the former ground-floor openings have been altered to fit C20 glazed French windows. Above, the dormer has a 3-light casement. All dormers have pebbledash rendered gables. Right hand return has inserted ground-floor door. The left-hand return has single-storey outshut under a tiled roof. Above is a tall 2-light dormer. The rear elevation has irregular small-paned casements and fixed lights on both storeys. The upper-floor windows flank a tall internal stack. Stacks are square with vertical moulded strips and dentilled caps. Each gablet of the main roof is surmounted by a terracotta finial.

The courtyard is contained within red-brick walls with a tile coping, fronting onto the road. Access is through a pair of brick gatepiers each with a square chamfered base, square piers chamfered at the upper angles and octagonal moulded stone cap surmounted by a ball finial.

INTERIOR: The former stables fittings have been removed and the interior partitioned for domestic use. The building's special interest therefore lies principally in its external architectural quality and group value.

HISTORY: Gainsborough Gardens was laid out between 1882 and 1895 on land belonging to the Wells and Campden Charity Trust. Plots were developed speculatively under the close scrutiny of the Trust and their surveyor H S Legg. The development adopted the newly heralded ethos shown at Bedford Park Chiswick, developed from 1875, where different styles of building cohere informally in a planned leafy environment. EJ May, recently appointed as principal architect at Bedford Park, designed the first building, Nos 3 & 4, Gainsborough Gardens, in 1884. Both architecturally and historically, this is a significant step in changing attitudes towards the emerging suburbs.

This is set against the background of steps to limit expansion onto Hampstead Heath and the preservation of Parliament Hill Fields, an achievement attributed to CE Maurice who built and lived at No 9A. He was married to the sister of Octavia Hill, philanthropist and founder of the National Trust.

The history of Gainsborough Gardens is prominent in the history of the protection of open spaces, particularly in Hampstead where the seeds of national awareness were sown. The whole scheme and individual houses are well documented giving an important record of the development of the Gardens. The outcome is a scheme of significant historic and architectural importance and particular aesthetic quality, based on a fine balance between building and open space, both of which survive almost intact.

Legg's buildings in Gainsborough Gardens group well and show a fitness for purpose using the vernacular revival idiom which he practised so creatively.

REASON FOR DESIGNATION DECISION
The Cottage on the Heath is designated at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

* Quality of design and materials, despite the conversion to residential use
* Strong group value with No 6 Gainsborough Gardens and the other houses in the Gardens
* Strong contribution to the overall planning interest of Gainsborough Gardens

SOURCES:
London Suburbs, English Heritage, 1999
Gainsborough Gardens Hampstead and the Estate of the Wells and Campden Trust. An account of their development with houses, 1875-1895, David A L Saunders, 1974
Proof of Evidence, Public Enquiry, No 9A Gainsborough Gardens and land Adjacent, London NW3, Victor Belcher, December 2006

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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