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St Austell War Memorial

A Grade II Listed Building in St. Austell, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.3386 / 50°20'18"N

Longitude: -4.792 / 4°47'31"W

OS Eastings: 201416

OS Northings: 52469

OS Grid: SX014524

Mapcode National: GBR ZX.9QLM

Mapcode Global: FRA 08V4.NWJ

Entry Name: St Austell War Memorial

Listing Date: 8 September 2014

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1421321

Location: St. Austell, Cornwall, PL25

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St Austell

Built-Up Area: St Austell

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Austell

Church of England Diocese: Truro

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St Austell

Summary

War Memorial, circa 1920.

Description

War Memorial, circa 1920.

MATERIALS: constructed of granite.

DESCRIPTION: the war memorial is an ornately-carved Celtic cross which stands on a tapered stone plinth, with a two-stepped base. The north side of the lower step has been extended forward to include a slanting stone base. The inscriptions are in black metal lettering, and to the north face of the plinth reads:

TO THE GLORY OF GOD / AND / IN SACRED MEMORY OF THE MEN OF THE / ANCIENT PARISH OF ST AUSTELL / WHO MADE THE SUPREME SACRIFICE IN THE GREAT WAR / 1914-1918

Below the inscription and to the other sides of the plinth are the names of the 200 men who fell.

The inscription on the north face of the upper step reads:

AND IN MEMORY OF THOSE OF THIS AREA / WHO LOST THEIR LIVES IN THE WAR OF / 1939-1945

The names of the 144 men who fell are inscribed to the sloping face of the extended lower base.

History

The great age of memorial building was in the aftermath of the First World War. It is not known when the war memorial in St Austell, located on Market Street to the north of Holy Trinity Church, was erected and commemorated but it was likely to be during the 1920s.

The names of the men who died in the Second World War were added in 1991 when the north side of the lower step was extended forward with a slanting stone base.

Reasons for Listing

The St Austell war memorial is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Historic interest: as an eloquent witness to the tragic impacts of world events on this community, and the sacrifices it has made in the conflicts of the C20;
* Architectural interest: an accomplished and well-realised war memorial which takes the form of an intricately carved Celtic cross;
* Group value: with the Grade I-listed church of the Holy Trinity.

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