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Foulness Island War Memorial

A Grade II Listed Building in Foulness, Essex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6015 / 51°36'5"N

Longitude: 0.8925 / 0°53'32"E

OS Eastings: 600410

OS Northings: 193144

OS Grid: TR004931

Mapcode National: GBR SRM.JG1

Mapcode Global: VHKHJ.F05N

Entry Name: Foulness Island War Memorial

Listing Date: 7 November 2017

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1450571

Location: Foulness, Rochford, Essex, SS3

County: Essex

District: Rochford

Civil Parish: Foulness

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Summary

First World War memorial, with later additions for the Second World War.

Description

Rectangular pillar topped by an orb with finial and draping swags; on the front face of the orb is a small shield bearing the dates 1914/1919. The front face of the pillar has a carving of two rifles crossing, backed by leaves. This stands atop a square base; the front face bears the inscription: To the Glory of God / AND IN GRATEFUL REMEMBRANCE OF / THE MEN FROM THIS PARISH WHO FELL / IN THE GREAT WAR / (7 names, with dates of death), and the back face: To the Glory of God / AND IN GRATEFUL REMEMBRANCE OF / THE MEN FROM THIS PARISH WHO FELL / IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR / 1939-1945 / (3 names, with dates of death). This rests on another plinth, reading - front: "Be thou faithful unto death.", and back: "Percy F Smith / Southend". The whole rests on a stone slab.

This List entry has been amended to add the source for War Memorials Online. This source was not used in the compilation of this List entry but is added here as a guide for further reading, 30 January 2018.

History

The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England. This was the result of both the huge impact on communities of the loss of three quarters of a million British lives, and also the official policy of not repatriating the dead: therefore the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss. One such memorial was raised on Foulness Island as a permanent testament to the sacrifices made by the members of the local community. It was made by Percy F Smith, a Southend stonemason. Further inscriptions were added at some point after the Second World War to honour the Fallen of that conflict. The memorial continues to form the focus of the local community's annual Remembrance commemorations.

Reasons for Listing

Foulness Island War Memorial is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Historic interest: as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on the local community, and the sacrifices it made in the conflicts of the C20;
* Architectural interest: as a dignified and imposing marble war memorial;
* Group value: with the adjacent Grade II-listed Church of St Mary the Virgin and the various Grade II-listed headstones in the churchyard.

Selected Sources

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