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St Davids University College (Original Buildings)

A Grade II* Listed Building in Lampeter, Ceredigion

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.114 / 52°6'50"N

Longitude: -4.0764 / 4°4'35"W

OS Eastings: 257916

OS Northings: 248221

OS Grid: SN579482

Mapcode National: GBR DR.8ZFZ

Mapcode Global: VH4GX.94B7

Entry Name: St Davids University College (Original Buildings)

Listing Date: 21 September 1964

Last Amended: 10 February 2012

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 10431

Building Class: Education

Location: Situated in park between College Street and River Dulas; Anglo-Norman motte adjoins to NW.

County: Ceredigion

Community: Lampeter

Traditional County: Cardiganshire

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Lampeter

History

1822-7 by John Foster of Bristol, using earlier 1819-21 designs by C R Cockerell, the pre-eminent neo-classical architect of early/mid C19 Britain. Lampeter was the first university college founded in England and Wales since Oxford and Cambridge; it was established by Bishop Burgess of Saint David's and J S Harford, owner of the Peterwell estate, Lampeter, for the education of future Anglican clergymen unable to afford the English universities. The collegiate design is based on C17 Oxford prototypes (eg St John's, Brasenose and Oriel Colleges); the plan form has an entrance tower, accommodation for students on 3 sides (with access to the rooms via staircases form the quadrangle) and chapel and hall symmetrically placed on the 4th side. Departures from precedent include the siting of the Principal's lodging at the NW angle of the quad, outward facing, and a T-shaped projection from the N side containing a first floor library at right angles to the hall and chapel and teaching rooms in flanking wings. Later C19 and C20 alterations, including remodelling of chapel and changes to hall.

Exterior

The style is a simplified Tudor Gothic, rendered (with minimal use of ashlar) slate roofs and ridge stacks (rebuilt since in black brick). The 4 ranges cross at the angles to give a more picturesque corner treatment with projecting coped and shouldered gables set in slightly from the ends of the ranges and the S front has a flush entrance tower. Within the quadrangle are corner stair towers capped above eaves level with an octagonal shaft and lead ogee dome and the N hall and chapel range is elaborate with a big centre gable and long first floor windows to the library. The windows throughout are cast-iron, small paned and flat-headed, with Tudor-arched heads to each light, generally 2-light with painted cast-iron frames, but larger mullion-and-transom lights to end gables and small plain casement pairs to gable attics. Gables have stepped diagonal buttresses, main ranges have a moulded ashlar plinth at sill level, hoodmoulds to ground floor windows on outer facades, a continuous dripcourse over upper windows and a bigger ashlar moulded eaves course interrupted by painted cast-iron bosses with rosettes, a JSH monogram, or the college arms. Within the quad the walls of the 3 accommodation ranges are roughcast, not lined stucco, and there are no ground floor hoodmoulds. The staircase entries are unmoulded Tudor arches.

Outer Facades: S facade of 1-5-1-5-1 bays has centre ashlar 4-centred archway with narrow oriel above, and tower with attic window, stringcourse, recessed plaque with Hanoverian arms and battlemented parapet. The courtyard face of the tower is simpler, with 3-light mullion and transom window at first floor and no armorial plaque. The archways have hoodmoulds. Within quad simple 4-1-4 bay elevation with doors in second bay each side of centre and then in corner 3-sided towers. Quad E and W sides are plain 8-window range with 2 doors, while outside W front is 1-9-1 bays, similar to S but without centrepiece and with porch to Principal's house in angle to NW gable. Outside E front is considerably plainer, 1-8-1 bays, the gables ends quite utilitarian.

Quadrangle: S front has big shallow centre gable with flanking buttresses carried up to curious chimney-like finials, apex clock, 2 long 3-light mullion-and-transom windows each side of a canopied statue niche with modern Saint David statue and squat 4-centred doorway with ogee hoodmould. Hall and chapel ranges are set back each side behind a 4-bay cloister, now glazed. Plain 4-centred arches, buttresses between, and parapet with battlements over buttresses. Hall has original 2-light mullion-and-transom windows to match those elsewhere, while chapel was remodelled 1879-80 by T G Jackson and given 4 Perp Gothic stone traceried windows. Spine range running N ends in N similar but plainer frontispiece shallow gabled with side buttresses carried up, apex roundel, first floor big 6-light window and ground floor 4-centred arched doorway. Two-window wings each side with mullion-and-transom 2-light windows and coped shouldered end gables. Basement under right wing. Wings screen utilitarian rear of chapel and hall ranges and plain N gable of E range. N gable of W range matches those elsewhere, but with basement storey. Flat roofed addition to Principal's house in NW angle.

Interior

Staircases are plain dog-leg stairs with Jacobean style finials to bottom newels. Four doors each floor, to single room accommodation. Hall and chapel are separated by low-ceilinged hallway with steps down to chapel and up to hall and continuing N with staircase off to library. Chapel interior predominantly of 1879 but roof original. Roof of 3 bays with 4-centred arched trusses and 3-sided panelled painted ceiling. Ornate carved and painted Gothic wood organ gallery and side stalls with coved canopy carried around. Gallery has projected centre and organ has painted pipes. Colour scheme, repainted c1980 is predominantly dark green with gold for the intricate carving and red for stall back panels.

On N side of chapel a 2-bay arcade of 1879 with ashlar moulded pointed arches on circular pier to N aisle with side-facing stalls. Stalls in aisle have a big Tudor-rose head to bench ends, while those in main body of chapel have scrolled arm-rests. T G Jackson records reusing some deal stall elbows turned out from New College Chapel, Oxford.

Sanctuary has extensive and elaborate Gothic panelling in limed oak of 1934 by W D Caroe, including high square-headed reredos, panelling each side and returned on side walls, also matching prayer desks, organ and pulpit. On S wall of chapel 1914-18 War memorial, painted wood, Gothic. Also former altarpiece, an Italian early C19 copy of Correggio, given by J S Harford. Three hanging brass chandeliers. On N wall of aisle are W D Caroe alternative schemes for reredos, c1934.

Hall has Tudor-arched roof trusses similar to those in chapel, and is entered from E end.

Reasons for Listing

Included for its special architectural interest as an exceptional group of educational buildings of considerable national historic importance and significant architectural quality. Important also for the association with two major architects.

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