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Llys Maldwyn Hospital

A Grade II Listed Building in Caersws, Powys

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.5208 / 52°31'15"N

Longitude: -3.4212 / 3°25'16"W

OS Eastings: 303664

OS Northings: 292389

OS Grid: SO036923

Mapcode National: GBR 9N.G6BC

Mapcode Global: VH681.NW6X

Entry Name: Llys Maldwyn Hospital

Listing Date: 15 April 1994

Last Amended: 5 November 1996

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 16184

Building Class: Health and Welfare

Location: The Hospital is located at the end of Main Street, approximately 1km NE of the centre of the village.

County: Powys

Community: Caersws (Caersŵs)

Community: Caersws

Built-Up Area: Caersws

Traditional County: Montgomeryshire

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Caersws

History

Formerly the Poor Law Union Workhouse for Newtown and Llanidloes District, opened in August 1843, the architect being Thomas Penson, the Montgomeryshire County Surveyor and pupil of Thomas Harrison of Chester. The original cost was £7,668 13s 2d (£7,668.66). Designed for 350 paupers. The hospital was the scene of Chartist unrest in the early C19.

Exterior

Built in red brick, with painted wedge lintels, and slate roofs. Cruciform plan, with three storey central block, and four radial ranges, with other blocks attached at right angles forming four courtyards, all laid out according to Benthemite principles. The entrance front has dressings in grey-brown stone. The central block has splayed inner angles, and large cruciform paned windows to the splays flanked by smaller windows. The S angle has French doors, and a gabled porch to right. The 4 lower ranges have cambered-headed lintels with wedge lintels, and generally small-pane metal glazing. The NE-SW ranges are of 3 storeys, the SW-NE ranges of 2 storeys. At the end of the NW range, main front faces away from the road. Two storeys, rubble over rusticated basement plinth; plat bands between the upper and lower floors, and small-pane metal glazing. Eleven windows with advanced central and end gabled bays; central 3-window bay has on upper floor a central round-headed window flanked by square windows; on the lower floor, a central round-headed window flanked by the entrance doorways of 6-panelled doors. Double doors to basement. To each side of the central bay, three widely spaced windows, square to the upper floor, round headed to the lower, and an inserted door to the left of the stairs. The ends have gabled bays with round-headed window to each storey, but a squat rectangular window to the basement. Large stone chimney to the left. each side of the entrance block extends as a single storey stone range, entered from the yards behind; modern brick addition to the right. Ends return as 2-storey blocks in stone, gables to NW with round-headed first floor windows, and an added block at right angles to the NE. The ends of the SW and NE ranges have attached cross ranges consisting of 3-storey blocks of 5 bays, with modern addition; SW block continues S as a single-storey block with a verandah to the yard; the NE block continues SW as a 20-storey rendered block. At the end of the SE range, a further cross range.

Reasons for Listing

Included as an important and well preserved institutional building erected as a special building type with distinctive planning, developed after the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II* Maesmawr Hall Hotel
    The hotel is located in the Severn valley bottom, at the end of a formal axial drive off the main Newtown to Llanidloes Road, 700m E of the junction with the A.470 to Machynlleth and level crossing.
  • II Caersws bridge
    The bridge carries the A.489 Newtown to Machynlleth Road over the River Severn immediately at the S end of the village.
  • II Dol-aethnen
    Located at the end of Market Lane, beyond the cattle market, on the bank of the wider River Severn before its width was restricted by bunds.
  • II Signal Box at Caersws Railway Station
    Located on the W edge of Caersws village, beside the level crossing, and with attached railway station to the NW.
  • II Caersws Railway Station, with Stationmaster's House
    The railway passes to the W of the village. The station lies immediately N of the level crossing, and is attached to the signal box.
  • II Engine Shed to the Van Line
    The building, now used as a store, is located in the industrial yard, some 80m W of the present railway crossing, and in the angle of the main Cambrian line and the former Van branch line.
  • II Llwyn-y-brain
    The farmhouse is located on a river terrace above the River Severn valley, 3Km E of Llanwnog village, and is reached by a farm road by the side of 'Aelbryn'
  • II Milestone outside Aelbryn
    The milestone is now located in the narrow road verge, under the garden hedge of 'Aelbryn', approx 1km E of the village centre.

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