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Llwyn-y-brain

A Grade II Listed Building in Caersws, Powys

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.5258 / 52°31'32"N

Longitude: -3.4072 / 3°24'25"W

OS Eastings: 304627

OS Northings: 292925

OS Grid: SO046929

Mapcode National: GBR 9N.FXG0

Mapcode Global: VH681.WSM2

Entry Name: Llwyn-y-brain

Listing Date: 5 November 1996

Last Amended: 5 November 1996

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 17559

Building Class: Domestic

Location: The farmhouse is located on a river terrace above the River Severn valley, 3Km E of Llanwnog village, and is reached by a farm road by the side of 'Aelbryn'

County: Powys

Community: Caersws (Caers┼Ás)

Community: Caersws

Locality: Rhydlydan

Traditional County: Montgomeryshire

Find accommodation in
Aberhafesp

History

An early and major farmhouse on the rich valley lands, probably of C15 origin, largely rebuilt in the later C16, with minor later modifications. It contains evidence of a cruck built open hall house, of 3 bays, with large axial stack between bays 1 and 2, to which a fully timber framed 2-bay cross wing was added beyond the former parlour end, and at a later date, a further axial stack inserted.

Exterior

Rendered over timber framing, with slate roofs. Two storeys and attic. The N front main door, set within an open C20 gabled porch, is opposite the primary stack. The cross wing has evidence for being jettied on the first floor. Various C19 and C20 timber windows, including a segmental-headed stair window. The roof is hipped at the W end, and has rebuilt brick stacks.

Interior

The evidence for the earliest phase is a pair of cruck blades at the division of the house and unconverted west bay, which are trenched for purlins, with a butt-joint at the apex, and notched for a diagonally set ridge. The frame is infilled with wattle and daub, and is smoke blackened on its E face. The main range now divided longitudinally with the living room on the S, has deeply chamfered twin spine beams, and a large inglenook fireplace with timber fire lintel, now filled in. The northern third beyond the partition contains the passage and stair, the latter with simple square newels with small reserved-ovolo arris mouldings and tenoned handrail. On the first floor, on the S side of the principal stack, there is said to be a smoking cupboard, now boarded over. The cross wing has similar deeply chamfered twin spine beams with ogee stops on both floors. The roof has two tiers of purlins and small straight windbraces in the wing. Throughout, there are many C17 scratch-moulded boarded and panelled doors with original door furniture.

Reasons for Listing

Included as an important post-medieval farmhouse, much of which probably dates from before the Great Rebuilding in the Severn Valley, which retains much of its early character internally.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Milestone outside Aelbryn
    The milestone is now located in the narrow road verge, under the garden hedge of 'Aelbryn', approx 1km E of the village centre.
  • II Llys Maldwyn Hospital
    The Hospital is located at the end of Main Street, approximately 1km NE of the centre of the village.
  • II* Maesmawr Hall Hotel
    The hotel is located in the Severn valley bottom, at the end of a formal axial drive off the main Newtown to Llanidloes Road, 700m E of the junction with the A.470 to Machynlleth and level crossing.
  • II Rhydlydan Mill
    The mill lies on the N side of the Newtown to Llanwnog road, in the valley of the Rhyd-ros-lan, which formed the ancient boundary of the Cantref of Arwystli.
  • II Milestone
    On the A489, S side, opposite the entrance to Ty Mawr farm.
  • II Caersws bridge
    The bridge carries the A.489 Newtown to Machynlleth Road over the River Severn immediately at the S end of the village.
  • II Dol-aethnen
    Located at the end of Market Lane, beyond the cattle market, on the bank of the wider River Severn before its width was restricted by bunds.

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