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Govilon Bridge (Canal Bridge no 98)

A Grade II Listed Building in Govilon, Monmouthshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8173 / 51°49'2"N

Longitude: -3.0665 / 3°3'59"W

OS Eastings: 326578

OS Northings: 213728

OS Grid: SO265137

Mapcode National: GBR F3.WPZ8

Mapcode Global: VH795.SLP5

Entry Name: Govilon Bridge (Canal Bridge no 98)

Listing Date: 15 March 1996

Last Amended: 15 March 1996

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 17632

Building Class: Transport

Location: Carrying the village road over the canal to west of Llanwenarth Baptist Chapel.

County: Monmouthshire

Community: Llanfoist Fawr (Llan-ffwyst Fawr)

Community: Llanfoist Fawr

Locality: Govilon

Built-Up Area: Govilon

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

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Govilon

Exterior

History: The Brecknock and Abergavenny Canal was promoted in 1792 to connect the upper Usk valley to the Monmouthshire Canal at Pontymoile and from there to the sea at Newport. Construction began in 1797, with Thomas Dadford as engineer, and the first section, from Gilwern to Llangynidr was completed in that year with the stretch as far as Brecon following in 1800. Work then stopped for a time with the result that the section to the Blaenavon Road east of Govilon was not completed until 1805, now with Thomas Cartwright as engineer. Further funds had to be raised and the last section from west of Llanfoist to Pontymoile was completed between 1809 and 1812, with William Crosley as engineer. Linked to tramroads, the canal was an important artery for trade in iron, lime and coal. In 1865 the Monmouthshire and the Brecknock and Abergavenny Canal Companies merged becoming the Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal Company. Later still the canal was bought out by the Great Western Railway and gradually the canal was run down until it was finally abandoned in 1962. Restoration work was begun in 1964.
This bridge is within the section completed in 1805 under Thomas Cartwright. However as Govilon Wharf was built to serve Bailey's tramroad from Nantyglo Ironworks it would have been remodelled into its present form c1821 (the year the tramroad was laid). It is of the change-over type switching the tow-path from the north to the south side of the canal, necessary as part of the construction of Govilon Wharf.

Description: Single arch rubble canal bridge of the 'change-over' type. Coursed rubble masonry revetments. Segmental arch has voussoirs and keystone and simple parapets which sweep outwards at both ends characteristic of 'change-over' bridges. Ramped single-track roadway over. The west face confusingly has the number 80 but it is known by its sequential number, 98.

Listed for its special interest as a surviving early C19 Brecknock and Abergavenny canal 'change-over' bridge.

Group value with Llanwenarth Baptist Chapel and Chapel Cottages.

References: Nicholson's guides to the Waterways, vol 3, South-west
p49-55, (n.d.).
R A Stevens, Brecknock & Abergavenny and Monmouthshire Canals (Towpath Guide No 2), (Cambridge, 1974), p50.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Chapel Cottages No 3
    Situated on the edge of the burial ground to Llanwenarth Baptist Church and immediately north of the Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal. Set back behind low rubble forecourt walls including dividing wall
  • II Chapel Cottages No 2
    Situated on the edge of the burial ground to Llanwenarth Baptist Church and immediately north of the Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal. Set back behind low rubble forecourt walls including dividing wall
  • II Chapel Cottages No 1
    Situated on the edge of the burial ground to Llanwenarth Baptist Church and immediately north of the Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal. Set back behind low rubble forecourt walls including dividing wall
  • II Derwen Deg
    Set in the slope on the southern side of Govilon, facing a lane off Station Road and sited below the line of the former railway. Set back behind rubble front wall.
  • II Barn to S of Derwen Deg
    Immediately uphill from Derwen Deg to which it is linked by the attached rubble boundary wall. Derwen Deg is on the southern side of Govilon below the line of the former railway.
  • II* Llanwenarth Baptist Church
    Situated near the centre of Govilon in a large burial ground immediately north of the Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal.
  • II Govilon House
    At the corner of the main road through Govilon and a side lane up to Station Road.
  • II Embanked Aqueduct SW of Govilon ( including Wall & Gate-piers to W )
    Carries the canal around the steep hillside and over the stream down from Cwm Llanwenarth. Immediately south-west of and high above Govilon. To south of aqueduct over road from Govilon to Twyn Allws.

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