History in Structure

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Cefn Cribwr ironworks, the furnace and charging house

A Grade II* Listed Building in Cefn Cribwr, Bridgend

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street View
Contributor Photos »

Street View is the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the building. In some locations, Street View may not give a view of the actual building, or may not be available at all. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5382 / 51°32'17"N

Longitude: -3.658 / 3°39'28"W

OS Eastings: 285105

OS Northings: 183447

OS Grid: SS851834

Mapcode National: GBR H9.G6MB

Mapcode Global: VH5H9.KL0P

Entry Name: Cefn Cribwr ironworks, the furnace and charging house

Listing Date: 2 October 1997

Last Amended: 2 October 1997

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 18955

Building Class: Industrial

Location: The ironworks is located near the bottom of the Nant Iorwerth Coch, on the S side of the brook. The furnace stands at the hub of the group of buildings.

County: Bridgend

Town: Cefn Cribwr

Community: Cefn Cribwr

Community: Cefn Cribwr

Traditional County: Glamorgan

Find accommodation in
Pyle

History

John Bedford came originally from Kings Norton near Birmingham to Monmouthshire, and moved to Cefn Cribwr in 1772, where he opened a colliery and brickworks. He had started the erection of an ironworks by 1775, all close by on the same site in the valley of the Nant Iorwerth Coch. He considered himself expert in furnace building, in quarrying, the production of compass needles and in the casting of ordnance, and wrote of his theories, probably at the expense of expediting completion of the ironworks, which was not achieved until 1782 when the furnace was probably first blown out. His theories included providing proper housing for his workers, including making loans for their purchasing means of domestic support, and believed "it to be wrong to finish Large Costly Buildings of this Kind without Beauty, when by nearly the same Expence, it can be avoided".

The ironworks, in 1836, comprised one blast furnace, a blowing beam engine, a blast regulator, bridge house, cast house, two smitheries, a carpenter's shop, ten coking ovens and yard, four calcining kilns, a finery cupola, two hot-blast apparatus, a double saw pit, and various cottages, public house and shop. Bedford died in 1791, and the ironworks, with the other enterprises on the site, were taken over by his son, John Bedford II, who leased the workings to Green & Price, and mortgaged the property in 1798. He died in 1814. The disused works was taken over by William Bryant in 1824, perhaps in anticipation of the opening of the Duffryn, Llynfi and Porthcawl Tramway in 1828. He rebuilt the furnace. Although the ironworks appeared to have had little continuous use, some production continued to c.1836, after which the iron production was relocated to another nearby site at Cefn Cwsc. The colliery and brickworks continued in use until c.1920 and the railway was closed in 1963. The ironworks was acquired by Ogwr Borough Council in 1987 and has since been consolidated and laid out as an important element in the Waun Cimla Country Park.

Exterior

The furnace is built of local sandstone, with ashlar arches and quoins. It is 9.75m square on plan, tapering upwards to 6.1m square at the top, originally with a short circular chimney reaching a total height of 10.6m. On each of the four sides are tapered arches, the tapping arch being constructed with very finely laid voussoirs, perhaps later in date, tapering back to the drawing aperture into the tapered square crucible of the furnace. Above this, the furnace is circular and bottle shaped, narrowing to the top. A stone and brick apron paves the area under each arch, with a curved front and a central slot for the main drawing channel leading into the casting house. Foundations exist on the E and W sides. Behind the furnace, a narrow passage is bridged over, with a recess in the retaining wall beneath the charging house. The upper part of the furnace is lost, including the charging level.

The lower storey of the charging house however, survives, comprising one large chamber, now roofless, with an angled opening to the furnace. Behind, two narrower rooms. Openings with splayed reveals, altered in brickwork.

Reasons for Listing

Included at Grade II* as a major example of small ironworks of the late C18, which has survived largely unaltered as production moved elsewhere. Of group value with other elements of the ironworks.

Scheduled Ancient Monument: 4/3487GM417(BRI)R.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Blast Engine house at Cefn Cribwr Ironworks
    The ironworks is located near the bottom of the Nant Iorwerth Coch, on the S side of the brook. The blast engine house stands against the E side of the furnace.
  • II Calcining kilns at Cefn Cribwr ironworks
    The ironworks is located near the bottom of the Nant Iorwerth Coch, on the S side of the brook. The calcining kilns stand to the S of the top level of the charging house, while the battery of coking
  • II* Cast house at Cefn Cribwr Ironworks
    The ironworks lies at the bottom of the Nant Iorwerth Coch. The casting house adjoins the furnace on the N side.
  • II Bedford House
    The house lies on the N side of the village, off the W side of the minor road crossing the valley from Cefn Cribwr to Aberbaiden.
  • II Aberbaiden
    Located on the S side of a lane which runs E from Pen y Bryn towards Tondu.
  • II Kenfig Hill War Memorial
    The memorial stands as a traffic island at the junction of Princes Road and Commercial Road, known as 'top cross', at the centre of Kenfig Hill.
  • II The Talbot Institute
    The building is set in a terrace of C19 buildings, approximately 100m from the junction of Princes Road with Commercial Road.
  • II Accommodation Bridge over the former Duffryn Llynvi and Porthcawl Railway
    The bridge now spans the walk formed along the track of the railway on the W side of the Woodlands Park estate, carrying a farm track. It lies approximately 100m S of the S corner of the estate.

BritishListedBuildings.co.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact BritishListedBuildings.co.uk for any queries related to any individual listed building, planning permission related to listed buildings or the listing process itself.

British Listed Buildings is a Good Stuff website.