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Christ Church

A Grade II Listed Building in Cwmamman, Carmarthenshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8043 / 51°48'15"N

Longitude: -3.9031 / 3°54'11"W

OS Eastings: 268882

OS Northings: 213452

OS Grid: SN688134

Mapcode National: GBR Y0.XDJ3

Mapcode Global: VH4JC.9XG6

Entry Name: Christ Church

Listing Date: 9 January 1998

Last Amended: 9 January 1998

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 19222

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: Situated some 400m N of A474, on N side of river Amman, in a secluded cul de sac at SE end of Vicarage road.

County: Carmarthenshire

Town: Ammanford

Community: Cwmamman

Locality: Garnant

Traditional County: Carmarthenshire

Find accommodation in
Glanamman

History

In 1828 Lord Dynevor first set out the idea of building a new church in the newly industrialised Amman valley in the vast rural parish of Llandeilo. Robert Ebbels of Wolverhampton was chosen as architect and work began in 1839. The vicar of Llandeilo, Rev. J W Pugh, had previously been vicar of Ettingshall near Wolverhampton where Ebbels had designed the church in 1835. The new church at Cwmamman, built to seat 545, was consecrated 29 July 1842; the interior subsequently modified by restorations in 1878 and 1888.

Exterior

Unpainted roughcast with limestone dressings and low-pitched slate roof. Plain Commissioners' Church in the Gothic style with broad nave, shallow chancel, gallery projection to W with small bellcote. W gable front has triple lancets with arched hood moulds with square stops and inset round paterae; leaded diagonal glazing with amber marginal lights, and ornate bargeboards with stylised ballflower decoration and scalloped edges. Single-storey stone porch with simply chamfered stone plinth and coped gable parapets with kneelers; Tudor-arched camfered doorway, plank door with vertical cover strips and big drop handle. Nave has plain lancet windows separated by stepped buttresses, and diagonal buttresses at angles. String course forms drip mould over window heads at impost level. E end has triple lancet, similar to W front. S of chancel small vestry with two C20 windows.

Interior

From vestibule: ahead double-doors into nave, to left dog-leg stair with stick balusters climbs to narrow, raked W gallery. Nave roof of 4 bays with queen-post trusses; the soffits of the tie beams chamfered with pendants below queen posts. Trusses supported at the side by small cast-iron arch-braces rising from plain corbels. Lancet windows in nave have plain chamfered heads and paterae at impost level that form end stops to string band of stylised egg and dart decoration between windows. Later close-boarded pews and fittings. Large organ of 1888. Stained glass: Eroded E window of 1888 by W.G. Taylor of London. Nave N fourth window of 1910, by Jones & Willis. Three by Celtic studios: nave N second window 1958; nave S second window 1972 and fourth 1957.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as an unusual survival in SW Wales of a Commissioners' Church, historically important as a well-preserved example of a church type associated with rapid growth of population in new industrial districts in mid-C19.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Monument to Mollie Davies at Christ Church
    Situated some 10m N of the porch of Christ Church at Garnant.
  • II The Vicarage
    Detached house situated some 50m NW of Christ Church at Twyn, Garnant.
  • II Jims Barber Shop and 207
    Sited on A474 close to W of junction with New School Road; formerly adjoined the E bank of Nant Main
  • II* Old Bethel Chapel
    Located on a remote upland plateau on the N side of the Amman Valley approximately 1 km from the A47
  • II Ty-llwyd Farmhouse
    Farmstead in open countryside on the north side of the Amman valley, approached along a rough track
  • II* Capel Brynseion
    Situated in the centre of Glanamman some 25m S of A474 on the E side of High Street.
  • II Capel Bethania
    Situated some 50m S of A474 on the E side of Brynlloi Road, enclosed by a coped stone boundary wal
  • II Gwaun-Cae-Gurwen War Memorial
    Situated on the N side of Gwaun-Cae-Gurwen at the junction of Brynamman Road and New Road.

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