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The Chapel

A Grade II Listed Building in Aberdaron, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.7641 / 52°45'50"N

Longitude: -4.7868 / 4°47'12"W

OS Eastings: 212069

OS Northings: 322143

OS Grid: SH120221

Mapcode National: GBR GPKD.83J

Mapcode Global: WH33S.FSSB

Entry Name: The Chapel

Listing Date: 26 June 1998

Last Amended: 26 June 1998

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 20054

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: Situated on hillside to E of the Abbey ruin, and with Ty Capel to N.

County: Gwynedd

Community: Aberdaron

Community: Aberdaron

Locality: Yr Enlli / Bardsey Island

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire

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Aberdaron

History

Former Wesleyan Methodist chapel of 1875 built by the 3rd Baron Newborough. Unaltered externally from John Thomas photograph of 1886.

Exterior

Chapel, squared grey rubble stone with sandstone quoins, yellow-brick dressings, steep slate roof, coped shouldered gables, stone cross finials and crested ridge tiles. Gothic revival style, simple 3-window side walls with tall 2-light windows framed in yellow brick. Yellow brick chamfered plinth. Rendered N end wall. S end gable has yellow-brick louvred opening, behind elaborate porch-cum-bellcote, the porch echoing on smaller scale the line of the gable behind but with yellow-brick pointed arch to front and small similar lancets to side walls. On top is overscaled bellcote, mostly yellow brick, on stone corbels to front, with arched bell-opening and exaggeratedly steep slate-coped gable above. Ledged doors and ornate hinges.

Interior

Ledged pointed inner doors. 3-bay roof, rendered walls lined as ashlar, pitch pine pews, quarry-tile floor. Pine benches flanking N end pulpit. The pulpit is a an extraordinary creation dated 1875 apparently made up of salvaged pieces of carving. 5 canted sides with moulded cornice and large pointed, shouldered panels, the framework studded with metal flowers. The front panel has what appears to be a Baroque picture frame attached, thickly carved with arched head and addossed cherubs above leaning on trophies. C19 carved leafs above. Picture-panel replaced in wood with 1875 date in raised wood numerals. Other sides have what seems to be re-used C17 panelling, with C19 leaf carving affixed above. Hanging iron candelabrum. S end plaque 'This chapel was built by Lord Newborough for the inhabitants of Bardsey Island in the year 1875'. Floral wreath below.

In chapel are 2 incised stones. One has lower part of a cross, with ring-knot, interlace, the lower half of a carved figure above, and left side inscription '-esilli mar: queno' undeciphered, probably C10 or early C11. The other is inscribed with a cross, C7 to C9, and was found built into the Hendy barn.

Reasons for Listing

Included as important part of the group around the Abbey ruins, and for historical interest, as part of the Newborough estate's development of the island in the later C19.

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