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Limekilns at Brynhyfryd

A Grade II* Listed Building in Talybont-on-Usk, Powys

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8931 / 51°53'34"N

Longitude: -3.2845 / 3°17'4"W

OS Eastings: 311700

OS Northings: 222391

OS Grid: SO117223

Mapcode National: GBR YT.QXKL

Mapcode Global: VH6C7.0PY4

Entry Name: Limekilns at Brynhyfryd

Listing Date: 17 December 1998

Last Amended: 17 December 1998

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 21108

Building Class: Industrial

Location: On the S bank of the Canal, within the grounds of Brynhyfryd, on the E edge of the village of Talybont.

County: Powys

Community: Talybont-on-Usk (Tal-y-bont ar Wysg)

Community: Talybont-on-Usk

Locality: Talybont on Usk

Traditional County: Brecknockshire

Find accommodation in
Llansantffread

History

Brynhyfryd was formerly Overton's wharf, the terminus of the Brynoer tramroad. Jonathan Dixon of the Brynoer Colliery was given permission to erect the kilns in 1814, George Overton and Dixon were the tramroad operators. This tramline, built in 1814-15, ran for 20.3 kilometres (12 miles) from the Bryn Oer colliery near Rhymney via the Trefil limestone quarry. Coal and limestone were exported N and pitwood S. The tramroad gave access to the top of the kilns from where they were charged. The kilns discharged onto the side of the Brecknock and Abergavenny Canal and barrels of lime were stored in vaulted limestores between the twin draw eyes of each kiln bowl. Barrels were then loaded onto boats from the quay. The N section is earlier than the S, but earlier smaller kilns may have existed on the site, associated with the raised bank adjacent to the house; further smaller scale ruined kilns have also been identified in a bank N of the house. Document of 1814 records permission for Dixon to build 'limekilns and sheds, a granary, two dwelling houses and a counting house' and the buildings of Brynhyfryd include some of these structures. Dixon retired in 1819 and Edward Gervase Scroop became Overton's partner.

Exterior

A dressed stone bank of limekilns over 6 m high comprising to left a blank retaining wall adjacent to Glynderi house, in the centre a group of 3 arches comprising 2 kilns and a limestore to right, and to right the primary bank of 4 kilns and a central limestore. The range has 8 roughly matching round arches with tooled voussoirs, quoins, imposts and keystones surmounted by a projecting string course with joist-like holes above the right range. The limestore in the earlier section has a blocked arch and a Gothick doorway. A coursed rubble wall extends to right in an outward curve and incorporates a deep stone well recess with voussoirs and keystone to the small archway.

Interior

The interiors comprise rubble draw hole vaults with draw eyes in a corner, the kiln bowl for the kilns descending onto the end of the spine walls between the two vaults. Some of the draw eyes have iron lintels, some have poke holes and some are corbelled.

Reasons for Listing

Listed II* as an unusually large and little altered canalside bank of limekilns and for its importance in the development of early C19 industry associated with the Brecknock and Abergavenny Canal.

Group value with neighbouring listed items associated with the canal and tramroad.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Glynderi
    Facing the Monmouthshire and Brecon canal and Bridge No. 142 on the E side of Talybont and immediately adjacent to the limekilns at Brynhyfryd.
  • II Former Counting House
    Set into the bank above the canal, one side fronting the mountain road the other the canal, on the SE edge of Talybont village.
  • II Brynhyfryd
    Overlooking the canal on the E border of Talybont village and reached by a drive adjacent to the canal bridge and the limekilns.
  • II Yr Aildy
    Fronting the Canal towpath and built into the slope, the rear facing The Travellers Rest Inn on B4558, at the SE edge of Talybont village.
  • II* Maes Mawr
    On low lying ground E of the Caerfanell river and on the E edge of the village of Talybont, reached off the B4558.
  • II Pair of railway bridges over road and canal at Talybont
    In the centre of Talybont village, close to the White Hart Inn and parallel with Afon Caerfanell, carrying the disused railway line over the B4558 and the Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal.
  • II Barn range at Maes Mawr
    On the opposite side of the lane from Maes Mawr farmhouse, reached off B4558.
  • II White Hart Bridge (Canal Bridge No.143) including attached retaining wall
    In the centre of Talybont village, to the rear of the White Hart Public House.

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