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Latitude: 52.901 / 52°54'3"N
Longitude: -4.3401 / 4°20'24"W
OS Eastings: 242699
OS Northings: 336295
OS Grid: SH426362
Mapcode National: GBR 5F.P85Z
Mapcode Global: WH44K.9BJV
Entry Name: N Farm Range at Penychain
Listing Date: 8 February 1999
Last Amended: 8 February 1999
Source ID: 21339
Building Class: Agriculture and Subsistence
Location: Pen-ychain farm is situated on the headland c4km E of Pwllheli. This range, on a hilltop, forms the long N side of the farmyard.
Locality: Morfa Abererch
Traditional County: Caernarfonshire
Penychain was built by the Glyn-llifon Estate in the mid C19 as a model farm. The farm buildings demonstrate an efficient and organised approach to farming undertaken by large estates of the mid Victorian period.
The range is built of local stone rubble, with a slate roof. The larger western part consists of cow housing, with 3 stable doors, and intervening ventilation windows. The E end consists of 3 hammels, each with a wide depressed 3-centred brick arch, the first two from the W having a stone walled front yard within the farmyard, and the third a similar narrower yard. It is separated at the E end from the piggeries by a narrow service walk. The impressively long N elevation has but one small door and access steps, and 2 ventilation slits towards the W end.
The interior contains carefully designed double beast stalling against both E and W walls, with seats flanking the entrance. King post trusses, some with raking struts.
Included as the major element within the farmyard of the well preserved estate farm group at Penychain, forming the N side of the group continuous with the garden wall of the house.
Other nearby listed buildings