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Bwlch-y-fedwen

A Grade II Listed Building in Dolbenmaen, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.943 / 52°56'34"N

Longitude: -4.1628 / 4°9'46"W

OS Eastings: 254761

OS Northings: 340586

OS Grid: SH547405

Mapcode National: GBR 5N.LP7Z

Mapcode Global: WH55L.09Z6

Entry Name: Bwlch-y-fedwen

Listing Date: 30 March 1999

Last Amended: 20 December 1999

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 21534

Building Class: Domestic

Location: The house is in the middle of the village, set at right angles to the Tremadoc to Pwlleli Road.

County: Gwynedd

Town: Dolbenmaen

Community: Dolbenmaen

Community: Dolbenmaen

Locality: Penmorfa

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire

Find accommodation in
Tremadoc

History

The present house has the character of an early C19 village farmhouse (its former farm-buildings still survive), but the building has early origins: its rear wing includes one bay of what may have been a late C16 or C17 house (there is the date 1664 on a beam, but constructional detail suggests an earlier building date). This earlier building was oriented E-W (to the present road-line), and it is likely that it originally extended further E, to be encapsulated in, or replaced by, the house of c1820 oriented N-S. The house was in use as an inn until c1924, and remained in use as a farm until c1970. Extensions to the NW relate to its subsequent use as a small hotel.

Exterior

A large village farmhouse; 2 storeys with 4-bay entrance front facing E over present driveway and 2 storeyed rear wing with stepped-down roof-line indicating 2 phases of construction. Pebbledashed with slate roof, deeply overhung at eaves, and with gable end stacks and axial and end-wall stacks to rear wing. Entrance in 2nd bay from left: a 4-panelled door with decorative overlight. 16-pane sash windows to the ground floor, 12-pane to first floor. Gable end to street has one blind opening to upper floor. Rear range has blocked doorway to left and tripartite 8-pane sash window beyond, with 2x12-pane sashes to first floor. Lower continuation of this range beyond has blind wall to street.

Interior

The rear wing represents the core of a sub-medieval house, of which one bay survives: this is unequally divided by a substantial chamfered cross beam carrying the date of 1664, and supporting broad joists. There is a similar beam against the fireplace wall, and the chimney breast has heavy stop-chamfered bressumer. Position of former doorway marked by alcove away from stack and aligned with a survivingdoorway (with C18 2-panelled door) in the original rear wall suggests that this room represents the hall of a submedieval house of which no other fabric is visible. The interior of the present main range has detail consistent with a rebuilding dart of c1820 (including a simple spindle staircase); oddly asymmetrical interior division (comprising one very large and one small room flanking the stair hall). Detail in continuation of rear range (beyond stack) suggests that this too is a later addition.

Reasons for Listing

Included as a well-preserved village farmhouse of early C19 character retaining original detail, and with significant surviving elements of a considerably early house.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Mynediad Cae Chwarae
    The gate is at the bend on the main Cricieth to Tremadoc road at the centre of the village of Penmorfa.
  • II Plas-isa
    The house is the more northerly of a pair of two at the centre of the village, set at right angles to the main Portmadoc to Cricieth road.
  • II Tyn-llan
    The house stands below the E end of the churchyard of the Church of St Beuno.
  • II Lychgate at the Church of St Beuno
    The church stands at the end of a minor road running WSW from the W end of Penmorfa village. The lychgate is at the E end of the churchyard, standing high above the sunken road.
  • II Chest Tomb in churchyard of the Church of St Beuno
    The Church of St Bueno lies along a minor road running SW from Penmorfa. The chest tomb is close to the SE angle of the chancel.
  • II* Church of St Beuno
    Located on the end of an old road leading SW from the W end of Penmorfa village.
  • II Bryn-y-wern
    The house stands NW of Wern Manor, and approximately 200m S of the Church of St Beuno in the village of Penmorfa.
  • II Ornamental Garden Pool at Wern Manor
    Wern Manor lies S of Penmorfa village, and is accessed from the main Portmadoc to Cricieth road. The pool is at the E end of the formal garden at the S of the house.

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