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Garreg lwyd Cottage

A Grade II Listed Building in Dolbenmaen, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.9778 / 52°58'40"N

Longitude: -4.2385 / 4°14'18"W

OS Eastings: 249799

OS Northings: 344622

OS Grid: SH497446

Mapcode National: GBR 5K.JGVK

Mapcode Global: WH446.VDVY

Entry Name: Garreg lwyd Cottage

Listing Date: 30 March 1999

Last Amended: 30 March 1999

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 21544

Building Class: Domestic

Location: The building stands back from the track to Garreg-llwyd, E of the road running due N from the N end of Garndolbenmaen.

County: Gwynedd

Town: Dolbenmaen

Community: Dolbenmaen

Community: Dolbenmaen

Locality: Garndolbenmaen

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire

Find accommodation in
Brynkir

History

The encroachment into the open common mountain land N and E of Garndolbenmaen took place initially in the last decade of the C16, but general squatting increased in the late C18, some 40 or more dwellings had been built by 1810. Each separate dwelling had approximately 1-2 acres (0.405-0.809ha) of land for cultivation and the settlement became an important centre for Methodist and Baptist evangelism. In 1814, to regularise the situation, an auction of squatter tenancies took place, with a second sale in 1819. The settlement was largely established by the Tithe apportionment and map of 1838. Garreg-llwyd dates probably from the C18 and is a largely unaltered example of the traditional smaller dwelling of the encroachment.

Exterior

Built of locally obtained rubble stone, with a slate roof probably replacing heather thatch between stone-coped gables. Single storey, 2-room house with end stone stacks with projecting weather courses. The attached 2-bay cowhouse at the W end, is of one build with the house. Boarded door and 4-pane sash windows. The W section of the house has a widened bay at the rear, probably for a kitchen. An attached outbuilding for farm purposes at the rear of the cowhouse, which has a single door and is otherwise windowless.

Interior

The interior of the house was not accessible at the time of inspection. The cowhouse has a central truss with principals springing from the walls and lapped collar, carrying 2 tiers of purlins. Four stalls against the gable end for cattle.

Reasons for Listing

Garreg-llwyd is a good and largely unaltered example of the traditional smaller dwelling typical of encroachment development, of which very few remain unaltered.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Tan-y-braich, with attached farm buildings
    The house and farm group stand on the NNE side of the trackway to Garreg-llwyd, in Garndolbenmaen settlement.
  • II Haybarn at Tan-y-braich
    Tan-y-braich lies alongside the driveway to Garreg-llwyd in the Garndolbenmaen settlement NNE of the village. It is parallel to and close behind Tan-y-braich farmhouse.
  • II Ty-newydd Farmhouse
    The farmhouse stands back from the road running from the main A487 Tremadoc to Caernarfon Road to Garndolbenmaen.
  • II Plas Holland
    The building, formerly the rectory, lies in its own grounds immediately to the W of the parish church.
  • II* Parish Church of St Mary
    The parish church lies on a small by-passed section of the main road at the junction with the Cwm Pennant road. It stands within an irregularly shaped graveyard and is approached through a lych gate.
  • II Lychgate to the Church of St Mary
    The lychgate stands across the angle of the cut off corner of the main Tremadoc to Caernarfon road, and the Cwm Pennant road.
  • II NW Range of Farm Buildings at Plas Dolbenmaen
    The group of farm buildings lie immediately W of Plas Dolbenmaen. The NW range flanks the entrance to the yard, the SW end cutting into the motte.
  • II NE Range of Farm Buildings at Plas Dolbenmaen
    The group of farm buildings lie immediately W of Plas Dolbenmaen farmhouse. The NE range lies parallel to the old road, and end on to the NW range.

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