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Bethel Chapel and attached cottages [Rhoslwyn and Bethel House)

A Grade II Listed Building in Llanwnda, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.0963 / 53°5'46"N

Longitude: -4.2626 / 4°15'45"W

OS Eastings: 248595

OS Northings: 357847

OS Grid: SH485578

Mapcode National: GBR 5J.8WJH

Mapcode Global: WH43M.HFDN

Entry Name: Bethel Chapel and attached cottages [Rhoslwyn and Bethel House)

Listing Date: 28 May 1999

Last Amended: 28 May 1999

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 21814

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: Situated by minor road junction at Rhos Isaf, the chapel and cottages have a low rubblestone wall with stone-on-edge coping to the front, the section in front of the chapel lower with slate coping and

County: Gwynedd

Town: Caernarfon

Community: Llanwnda

Community: Llanwnda

Locality: Rhos Isaf

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire

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History

Calvinist Methodist chapel, first built in 1836, remodelled and adjoining cottages added in late C19. The left of these (Rhoslwyn) formerly partly served as a village shop.

Exterior

Chapel and attached cottages. Simple classical style, rectangular plan chapel with gable end to road, flanked by lower and very slightly recessed one and a half-storey cottages running parallel with road. Roughcast rubblestone to road elevation and throughout to cottages; chapel has very roughly coursed rubblestone with buttered pointing to right return and is slate hung to left return and rear; slate roofs. Gable end of chapel has central 6-panel double doors under narrow overlight in projecting surround with moulded entablature, flanked by tall round-headed margin-light sash windows in moulded surrounds with keyblocks; continuous cill and impost bands. String course above is broken by moulded round-headed opening with keyblock containing oval-shaped window with spandrels; slate plaque above lettered "BETHEL/ 1836". Broken cornice to corners and to coped parapet gives impression of pediment to gable, which has painted plaster decoration to apex. Returns each have 2 square-headed margin-light sash windows behind cottages and 2 similar but narrower sash windows to rear gable end; brick chimney to left return astride ridge of left cottage. The 2 cottages are essentially mirror images of each other; gabled half-dormers to either side of central half-glazed doors, windows all originally 4-paned sashes, those to ground floor of right cottage (Bethel House) replaced by C20 windows and lower left of left cottage (Rhoslwyn) now with projecting C20 shop window; integral end stacks to both cottages, which also have single-storey lean-tos attached to gable ends, that to Rhoslwyn with a C20 window projection to the front.

Interior

Plain chapel interior has plastered ceiling with higher section to ridge and plain moulded cornice; plastered walls above tongue and groove boarded dado. Slightly raking pitch pine benches and simple set fawr, behind which is a blind segmental arch with the painted Gothic lettering "MYFIYWBARAYBYWYD" above and the words "DUW/ CARIAD/ YW" and "DUW/ A/ BYGOA", vertically and also in Gothic script with floral motifs, to left and right respectively. Bethel House has central C19 staircase with turned newel to bottom.

Reasons for Listing

Included as a well-preserved example of a late C19 Methodist chapel (of earlier C19 origins) with 2 contemporary cottages attached, forming a symmetrical and distinctive grouping suggestive of a deliberate piece of planning. The chapel has an unaltered late C19 interior.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Tan-y-ffynnon
    Situated on its own by roadside in pasture fields, enclosed by a hedge and rubblestone wall; traditional cottage garden on entrance side and large slate slab path and external privy to rear.
  • II The Haven
    Situated on the east side of the main village street at Rhos Isaf with a smaller cottage [Ferndale] attached to the north gable end; low brick wall with privet hedge in front.
  • II Tyddyn Berth
    Situated at the end of a farm track on the north side of a minor road from Bontnewydd to Rhostryfan.
  • II Tafarn Hen (The Old Tavern)
    Located on the west side of the A 487 at the junction with the minor road running westwards to the Church of St Gwyndaf; low rubblestone wall to front.
  • II Maengwyn
    Situated on the south-east side of the A 499 approximately 0.5 km south of Llanwnda; set behind a low rubblestone wall with cut slate coping and iron railings with fleur-de-lys finials and urn-capped
  • II Tryfan Mawr
    Located on bend of road in the hamlet of Tryfan, of which it is the principal building, approximately 1.5km north-east of Groeslon; lawn to front enclosed by rubblestone wall following curve of road.
  • II Monument to J W Jones and family
    Situated in the south-east corner of the churhyard to the Church of St Gwyndaf.
  • II Disused Cottage at Plas Dolydd
    Situated immediately to the west of the farmhouse at Plas Dolydd, which itself is located on the west side of the A 487 in the hamlet of Dolydd.

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