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Gwastad Bridge over the Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal and Lock (partly in Shaftesbury Community)

A Grade II Listed Building in Bettws, Newport

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6021 / 51°36'7"N

Longitude: -3.0116 / 3°0'41"W

OS Eastings: 330033

OS Northings: 189731

OS Grid: ST300897

Mapcode National: GBR J5.B760

Mapcode Global: VH7B5.RZ7R

Entry Name: Gwastad Bridge over the Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal and Lock (partly in Shaftesbury Community)

Listing Date: 24 June 1999

Last Amended: 24 June 1999

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 21952

Building Class: Transport

Location: Situated W of Blaen-y-pant Cresent, with open fields to the W.

County: Newport

Community: Bettws (Betws)

Community: Bettws

Locality: Blaen-y-pant Cresent

Built-Up Area: Newport

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

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Newport

History

The eastern branch of the Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal was authorised by Act of Parliament in 1792, and officially opened in 1799. It ran from Newport to Pontynewynydd and was engineered by Thomas Dadford Jnr. The canal connected with several tramroadsbelonging to the same company (Monmouthshire Canal Navigation Company), carrying coal down to the wharves. The branch was 11 miles (18.6 kilometres) long, and rose 447 feet (136 metres) 42 locks. The contemporary western branch, 12 miles (20.3 kilometres) long, ran to Crumlin. In 1812, the eastern branch was connected to the Brecon and Abergavenny Canal at Pontymoile Basin, and this became the main line. In 1853-55, the Monmouthshire Railway and Canal Company built a railway down to Newport, the company amalgamating with the Great Western Railway in 1880. The canal then became increasingly disused. The Crumlin branch closed in 1949, the main line in 1962. The lock and bridge were restored in 1974 by Newport Borough Council, including the provision of new gates.

Exterior

Bridge with lock chamber immediately N. Bridge carries public footpath. Single-arch bridge of rubble: segmental arch with stone voussoirs. Stone slab coping to N, cement coping to S. Stone plaque set into N parapet commemorating the 1974 restoration. Splayed revetments to S side. N parapet walls continue as retaining wall for lock-platform. Iron plaque to S face of bridge: 'Gwastad No. 26 Bridge'. The lock chamber is of rubble, with sandstone copings. Lock gates of 1974. Overflow culvert to E; towpath runs along W side.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as a significant element of the engineering works associated with the Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal; well-restored in 1974.

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