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Kiln block at former Bryn Brickworks

A Grade II Listed Building in Bryn, Neath Port Talbot

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6118 / 51°36'42"N

Longitude: -3.6934 / 3°41'36"W

OS Eastings: 282841

OS Northings: 191683

OS Grid: SS828916

Mapcode National: GBR H7.9PPC

Mapcode Global: VH5GW.XRT9

Entry Name: Kiln block at former Bryn Brickworks

Listing Date: 20 August 1999

Last Amended: 20 August 1999

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 22167

Location: Approximately 1.7km SE of Bryn village in a field on N side of the former Port Talbot Railway.

County: Neath Port Talbot

Community: Bryn

Community: Bryn

Locality: Cwm Cerwyn

Built-Up Area: Bryn

Traditional County: Glamorgan

Find accommodation in
Dyffryn

History

Bryn Brickworks was constructed after 1894 and continued production into the 1920s. The kiln block stood at the SE end of the works adjacent to a siding of the Port Talbot Railway. The clay preparation and drying sheds do not survive. The kilns are typical of a small brickworks of the late C19 or early C20 as they are intermittent, i.e. they were allowed to cool after firing, in contrast to continuous kilns, which had numerous chambers and where the heat was maintained. The kilns were linked with a pair of round chimney stacks, neither of which have survived, which demonstrates that they were of the downdraught type.

Exterior

A long low kiln block of battered brick walls comprising a pair of intermittent downdraught kilns, in a ruinous condition with vegetation on the upper surface. In the south wall is a recessed bay in which there are opposed wide arched openings to the kiln chambers. Both arches are partly blocked and have narrower lintelled doorways inserted. Flanking the recessed bay the south wall has, to the L, 3 arched stoke holes and wickets (doorways allowing access to the kiln by the setters), one with a later lintel, and 2 wickets and stoke holes to the R. The angles are chamfered with further stoke holes. The W and E end walls also have a single stoke hole and a wicket. In the N wall are 5 stoke holes and 7 wickets.

Interior

Each kiln consists of an L-shaped tunnel-vaulted chamber.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as a rare survival in S Wales of a kiln type typical of a small late C19 brickworks.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Jerusalem Baptist Chapel
    On the E side of the main housing estate in Bryn, set back from and above the B4282 Cwmavon to Maest

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