History in Structure

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Garn Limekiln No. I (northernmost in group)

A Grade II Listed Building in Llanfihangel Aberbythych, Carmarthenshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8269 / 51°49'36"N

Longitude: -4.0487 / 4°2'55"W

OS Eastings: 258915

OS Northings: 216242

OS Grid: SN589162

Mapcode National: GBR DT.W0DK

Mapcode Global: VH4J8.RBZT

Entry Name: Garn Limekiln No. I (northernmost in group)

Listing Date: 27 August 1999

Last Amended: 27 August 1999

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 22187

Building Class: Industrial

Location: The northern of a group of four surviving kilns 100m east of the A476, reached by a short lane commencing 200m south of Eglwys Fair, Carmel. Quarry to the east.

County: Carmarthenshire

Town: Llanelli

Community: Llanfihangel Aberbythych

Community: Llanfihangel Aberbythych

Locality: Carmel Woods

Traditional County: Carmarthenshire

Find accommodation in
Carmel

History

One of several limekilns at this location in use in c1876-85. At this time it had a tramway connecting it to the quarry. Disused by 1906.
The landholding was a part of the Cawdor estate named Tir-y-garn (based on Garn farmhouse, 300m south-east).

Exterior

A fine single limekiln in roughly squared but uncoursed limestone masonry. About 12m in width, about 7m high. Straight front wall with canted sides. Semicircular main arch over the working area. Two kiln working holes with inner semicircular arches, separated by a very thin pier of masonry.
The top has collapsed and the interior diameter is not apparent.
Small sunken forecourt with revetted wall around.

Reasons for Listing

One of the better-surviving limekilns in an area of intensive C19 and C20 quarrying and lime-burning industry; one of an important surviving contemporary group.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Garn Limekiln No. II (2nd from north in group)
    Near the middle of a group of four surviving kilns 100m east of the A476, reached by a short lane 200m south of Eglwys Fair, Carmel. Quarry to the east.
  • II Garn Limekiln No. III (3rd from north in group)
    Near the middle of a group of four surviving kilns 100m east of the A476, reached by a short lane 200m south of Eglwys Fair, Carmel. Quarry to the east.
  • II Garn Limekiln No. IV (southernmost in group)
    At the south of a group of four surviving kilns 100m east of the A476, reached by a short lane 200m south of Eglwys Fair, Carmel.
  • II Bantwen
    About 150m west of the road junction in Carmel Village. The cottage stands in a small enclosure behind two later houses.
  • II Pwll-y-march Limekilns
    200m south of the Carmel to Pant-y-llyn road; Pair of limekilns in one structure at east of Pwll-y-march quarry, reached from the road by a path opposite Caeffwrn.
  • II Bwlchau Limekiln
    At west side of a footpath 100m north of Bwlchau farmhouse. Quarry to the west.
  • II Pant-y-garn Limekiln No. I (to west)
    200m south of the Carmel to Pant-y-llyn road; reached by a side path east from a lane opposite Caeffwrn. South of its quarry.
  • II Pant-y-garn Limekiln No. II (to east)
    150m south of the Carmel to Pant-y-llyn road; reached by a lane commencing midway between Pwll-y-march and Lletty-mawr. Quarry to north.

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