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Hengoed Viaduct

A Grade II* Listed Building in Maesycwmmer, Caerphilly

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6467 / 51°38'48"N

Longitude: -3.2218 / 3°13'18"W

OS Eastings: 315560

OS Northings: 194920

OS Grid: ST155949

Mapcode National: GBR HW.7GBB

Mapcode Global: VH6DF.3WM0

Entry Name: Hengoed Viaduct

Listing Date: 31 July 1980

Last Amended: 10 September 1999

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 22325

Building Class: Transport

Location: A prominent landscape feature spanning the Rhymney valley between Maesycwmmer and Hengoed.

County: Caerphilly

Town: Caerphilly

Community: Maesycwmmer (Maes-y-cwmwr)

Community: Maesycwmmer

Built-Up Area: Ystrad Mynach

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

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Mynyddislwyn

History

The Hengoed Viaduct was built as part of the Newport, Abergavenny and Hereford (Taff Vale Extension) Railway. The engineer was Charles Liddell. It was a standard gauge line linking Pontypool with the Taff Vale Railway at Quakers Yard, but was proposed as part of a strategic lateral route to Swansea. The railway was begun in 1847, was completed as far as Quakers Yard in 1858, and Swansea in 1864. The line was taken over by the GWR in 1865 and was rich in both passenger and freight traffic. It was closed over 100 years later in 1964.

The cross-valley line required substantial engineering works: 3 viaducts, 4 tunnels, embankments and steep gradients, all constructed under the railway engineer, Charles Liddell. The cast iron Crumlin Viaduct was a structure of major significance, but only the abutments survive. The engineer's drawing for the Hengoed Viaduct is dated 1857 and it was built by Messrs Rennie & Logan at a cost of £20,000. It was designed to be 130 feet (39.6 metres) high and it was more traditional in style than the Crumlin Viaduct using stone from the nearby Trecelyn quarries and local bricks. The smaller arch at the east end passed over the Brecon & Merthyr Railway.

Exterior

High 16-arch viaduct, slightly curved in plan. Constructed of rock-faced, snecked Pennant sandstone. High round arches on imposts with large voussoirs. Soffits partly of red brick. Narrow, slightly splayed piers. String course and shallow parapets with coping stones, some upright. Square piers to ends and flanking smaller E arch which is skewed.

Reasons for Listing

Listed grade II* as a major monument of railway engineering on a strategic lateral route, in use for over 100 years and one of the oldest surviving viaducts of its type. Group value with the Woollen Mill which stands beneath.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II* The Woollen Mill
    Backing onto the River Rhymney beneath the Hengoed railway viaduct. Accessed from the driveway to Maesycwmmer House
  • II* Hengoed Viaduct (partly in Maesycwmmer Community)
    A prominent landscape feature spanning the Rhymney Valley between Maesycwmmer and Hengoed.
  • II* Tabor United Reformed Church
    On prominent site fronting Tabor Road with North Avenue to the rear.
  • II Footbridge at Hengoed Station
    At Hengoed Station.
  • II Capel Hengoed (also known as Hengoed Baptist Chapel)
    Situated above Hengoed, close to Cefn Hengoed; set back from hill road that runs north from Ystrad Mynach. Burial ground to front with good C19 monuments.
  • II Church of Holy Trinity
    A472 skirts the W side of Ystrad centre; church is set back from the road on a knoll within a very hilly walled churchyard which falls away steeply to W and S, main entry at SE through lychgate.
  • II War Memorial
    Just off Caerphilly Road in a square to the north of Ysbyty Ystrad Fawr, approx. 50m W of the Old Fire Station (rec no 13569).
  • II Old Fire Station
    Originally situated off Park Road but now resited in grounds of Caerphilly County Borough Council offices at Ystrad Fawr, to W of main house.

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