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East gates, piers and flanking walls to St Woolos Cemetery

A Grade II Listed Building in Allt-yr-Yn, Newport

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5838 / 51°35'1"N

Longitude: -3.0158 / 3°0'56"W

OS Eastings: 329715

OS Northings: 187705

OS Grid: ST297877

Mapcode National: GBR J5.CD3L

Mapcode Global: VH7BC.PG16

Entry Name: East gates, piers and flanking walls to St Woolos Cemetery

Listing Date: 14 September 1999

Last Amended: 14 September 1999

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 22342

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: St Woolos Cemetery has its main entrance off the north side of Bassaleg Road. The east gates are situated along Risca Road, immediately S of the eastern lodge.

County: Newport

Community: Allt-yr-yn (Allt-yr-ynn)

Community: Allt-yr-Yn

Locality: St Woolos

Built-Up Area: Newport

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

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History

The site was purchased by the Newport Burial Committee from Lord Tredegar in February 1854, the first burial being on 18th July of that year. The competition to design the Nonconformist and Anglican Chapels, together with the lodge and gates was won by Johnson and Purdue, architects of London, the buildings completed in November 1855. Towards the middle of the C19, growing urban populations coupled with increased cholera outbreaks meant that many parish churchyards became notoriously unsanitary. In 1850, the government passed the Metropolitan Burial Act, which was extended in 1853 to England and Wales. The purpose of the Acts, which spanned 1850-57 was to ensure that public cemeteries were laid out, bodies buried in a dignified fashion, and that all burials were recorded. The setting out of cemeteries with elaborate gates, lodges and chapels for various denominations had already been initiated by the London-based General Cemetery Company, a private enterprise, which laid out Kensal Green Cemetery 1831-37. Kensal Green received much publicity, fuelling the increasing sentimentality in commemorating the dead. Following the Act of 1853 came a boom in cemetery building, Newport being the first public cemetery in Wales. The use of contrasting styles for the Nonconformist and Anglican chapels is unusual among the early public cemeteries, reflecting the strength of Nonconformity in Newport.

The Roman Catholics after some difficulty, gained an area on the north side of the cemetery by 1855, but it was not until c. 1880 that they built their own chapel, by which time the Jews had a small separate burial ground immediately to the north of the cemetery. The cemetery was extended to the SW by c. 1880, demarcated by the avenue of pine trees towards the W end of the site, and again in the early C20. The cemetery remains in use, the chapels and mortuary are now used for storage.

Exterior

Carriage gates to right with pedestrian gate to left. Carriage gate has plain C20 iron gates with octagonal pier each side, built of red rubble sandstone with grey sandstone detail. Piers have broach stops. Short upper stages with blunt pyramidal copings. Pedestrian gate has similar and smaller pier to left: similar gate. Wall to right of carriage gate is of rubble construction with grey sandstone long-and-short copings: wall continues for approximately 1 metre before splaying out in line with pavement to join main cemetery boundary. Left wall splays out from left pier to line of pavement.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as a prominent surviving feature of the first public cemetery in Wales.

Other nearby listed buildings

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