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Caeronwy-isaf

A Grade II Listed Building in Llandwrog, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.0667 / 53°4'0"N

Longitude: -4.2123 / 4°12'44"W

OS Eastings: 251864

OS Northings: 354454

OS Grid: SH518544

Mapcode National: GBR 5L.BWSS

Mapcode Global: WH54Z.85DT

Entry Name: Caeronwy-isaf

Listing Date: 30 September 1999

Last Amended: 30 September 1999

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 22405

Building Class: Domestic

Location: Located across fields in a narrow wooded valley approximately 400m south-west of Hafod Caeronwy; low rubblestone wall and slate path to front (west side).

County: Gwynedd

Town: Caernarfon

Community: Llandwrog

Community: Llandwrog

Locality: Nantlle

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire

Find accommodation in
Moel-tryfan

History

Shown on the 1840 Tithe Map, the present Caeronwy-isaf is likely to have been built as a pair of quarrymens' cottages shortly after the opening of the nearby Fron and Old Braich Slate Quarry in 1830. The presence of the contemporary cowhouse opposite shows that the occupants also participated in subsistence agriculture. The topography of the site and its relationship to (Hafod) Caeronwy and Caeronwy-uchaf possibly suggest, however, an earlier origin for Caeronwy-isaf as a satellite steading from the original Caeronwy and thus a relic of an earlier pattern of upland settlement in this area. Disused at time of Survey.

Exterior

Long single-storey building, aligned roughly north-south, each unit consisting of 2-room plan to cottage with outbuilding between the two and another attached to south gable end, all under continuous roof line. Roughly coursed rubblestone with traces of limewash to front (west) elevation; slate roof. Each cottage has 4-paned sashes with slate cills to left and right of slightly offset doorway, that to right cottage deeply recessed; 4 purple brick stacks with corbelled capping, one integral to left gable end, 2 centrally to ridge (with outbuilding between) and one to right at junction with south outbuilding (straight joint at this point). Rear has wide opening (? for cart) to far left, 12-paned sashes to left and right and top-hung window to centre.

Interior

Interior not accessible at time of Survey.

Reasons for Listing

Included as a largely unaltered pair of early C19 quarrymens' cottages, possibly of earlier origins, built in the local vernacular tradition and forming an important component in the distinctive mixed industrial and agricultural landscape of the area. The paired plan with shared outbuilding between the cottages suggests a formal building process rather than of informal encroachment.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Cowhouse at Caeronwy-isaf
    Situated immediately to the west of Caeronwy-isaf.
  • II Hafod Caeronwy
    Located on the south side of a track leading from Y Fron through the disused quarry towards Mynydd Mawr, Hafod Caeronwy is one of the last habitation sites to the west of the high moorland of Mynydd M
  • II Locomotive Shed
    Located on Level VIII (Bonc Brig) of the Pen-yr-Orsedd Slate Quarry to the east of the modern steep access road from Y Fron.
  • II Locomotive Shed
    Located immediately to the north of the incline and drumhouse at the south-east corner of Level VIII (Bonc Brig) of Pen-yr-Orsedd Quarry.
  • II Weighbridge House
    Located directly adjacent to the locomotive shed immediately to the north of the incline and drumhouse at the south-east corner of Level VIII (Bonc Brig) of Pen-yr-Orsedd Quarry.
  • II Transformer House
    Located on Level VIII (Bonc Brig) of the Pen-yr-Orsedd Slate Quarry towards the foot of the modern steep access road from Y Fron.
  • II Engine and Compressor House
    Located on Level VIII (Bonc Brig) of the Pen-yr-Orsedd Slate Quarry towards the foot of the modern steep access road from Y Fron.
  • II Winding house
    Located on Level VIII (Bonc Brig) of Pen-yr-Orsedd Slate Quarry to the east of the Eureka Slate Mill.

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