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Farmbuildings at Ty'n-yr-hendre

A Grade II* Listed Building in Llanllechid, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.2193 / 53°13'9"N

Longitude: -4.0646 / 4°3'52"W

OS Eastings: 262249

OS Northings: 371130

OS Grid: SH622711

Mapcode National: GBR 5S.134B

Mapcode Global: WH548.JBPV

Entry Name: Farmbuildings at Ty'n-yr-hendre

Listing Date: 9 March 2000

Last Amended: 9 March 2000

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 22971

Building Class: Agriculture and Subsistence

Location: Situated around 4 sides of an excellently preserved cobbled yard below and to the north-west of the former farmhouse at Ty'n-yr-hendre.

County: Gwynedd

Town: Bangor

Community: Llanllechid

Community: Llanllechid

Locality: Ty'n-yr-hendre

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire

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Llanllechid

History

Built c1860 by the Penrhyn Estate as the farmbuildings of the model farm at Ty'n-yr-hendre. Although including cowhouses, pigsties and a barn amongst its buildings, Ty'n-yr-hendre primarily operated as the estate's specialist horse farm, at which were kept a large number of horses (cobs, shire horses and coach horses), some of which were used on adjoining farms, rather than exclusively at Ty'n-yr-hendre. Substantial part of south range, principally on upper floor has been converted to domestic accommodation and parts of other buildings were being converted to workshop and related uses at time of Survey.

Exterior

Model farmbuildings arranged around 4 sides of a square cobbled yard with free-standing double-sided open-fronted shelter shed in centre (listed separately) facing onto its own smaller walled enclosures. Roughly coursed rubblestone with lintels or voussoirs to majority of openings; hipped slate roofs of varying heights, some with ridge ventilators. Entrance through break on east side; stabling in all ranges, except for 5-bay cart shelter to south of entrance in east range, barn in south-west corner, granary above stabling in 2-storey part of south range and cow housing on west side.

External elevations: walls largely unbroken: east range has only one window (to far right); west range has 2 windows to barn; north range has 2 windows to left and door and window to right; south range has door to left, pit with cast-iron grinding wheel towards centre (above which the roof has a C20 rooflight) with 3 windows immediately to its right and an eaves window to single-storey section on far right.

Internal (yard) elevations: southern section of east range (to right of entrance) is 5-bay cart shelter with tooled voussoirs to wide segmental-arched openings. This is attached to single-storey section of south range, which has 2 ventilator windows alternating with boarded doors; wider segmental-headed opening (new glazed screen and door being inserted at time of Survey) on right; upper floor of long 2-storey section has 3 evenly spaced segmental-headed eaves windows towards left; ground floor has from left to right a window, door, window, door, window, door, window, window, door, window, all with voussoirs to slightly cambered heads, the right door wider than the others, the windows all originally ventilator windows, some remaining as such. Barn in west range has segmental-headed doorway on left, 4 narrow ventilation slits to right; remainder of this range occupied by cowhouse with alternating ventilator windows and doors, 4 of former, 3 of latter. Stables occupy the whole of the north range and that part of the east range north of the entrance; openings more widely spaced to western end of north range for loose boxes, closer together with alternating doors and windows to remainder for stables, mainly C19 originals but some replacements being inserted at time of Survey; 3 brick ridge stacks at eastern end of north range.

Interior

All single-storey buildings around yard have A-frame trusses; king-post roof in 4 bays to barn; slate troughs, hay racks, cobbled and slate floors throughout; late C20 milking parlour installed in west range.

Reasons for Listing

Included at Grade II* as a remarkably well-preserved group of mid-C19 model farmbuildings, both in terms of the physical fabric of the buildings and their setting (the fully cobbled yard and the absence of any modern buildings); also important as a physical demostration of the high standard of accommodation and welfare afforded to the estate's farm animals, particularly its horses, for which this was the specialist farmstead.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II* Shelter Shed/Pigsties at Ty'n-yr-hendre
    Located in the middle of the cobbled farmyard at Ty'n-yr-hendre.
  • II Ty'n-yr-hendre
    Located off east side of minor road climbing south-eastwards off the A 55 towards Bronydd Isaf; the former farmhouse is situated on rising ground approximately 70m from the nearest part of the farmbui
  • II Tan-y-lon
    Located on the north-west side of the road at Tan-y-lon; rubblestone wall to front with slate-on-edge coping and iron pedestrian gates.
  • II Turnpike House
    Located right on road in Tan-y-lon at junction between the old Bangor to Conwy road and the road which runs roughly parallel with it between Tan-y-lon and Eglwys St Cross.
  • II Tan-y-lon
    Located on the south side of the road a little to the west of the other buildings at Tan-y-lon; modern timber fencing to front gardens on roadside and slate fencing to side boundaries.
  • II Tan-yr-allt Cottages
    Located on the south-east side of the former Bangor-Conwy road (now superseded by the A 55 running parallel to the north-west) between Tan-y-lon and Tai'r-meibion; remains of low rubblestone wall to f
  • II Tan-yr-allt Cottages
    Located on the south-east side of the former Bangor-Conwy road (now superseded by the A 55 running parallel to the north-west) between Tan-y-lon and Tai'r-meibion; remains of low rubblestone wall to f
  • II Tan-yr-allt Cottages
    Located on the south-east side of the former Bangor-Conwy road (now superseded by the A 55 running parallel to the north-west) between Tan-y-lon and Tai'r-meibion; low rubblestone wall to front with i

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