History in Structure

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New Dock (quay)

A Grade II* Listed Building in Bangor, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.2342 / 53°14'3"N

Longitude: -4.1121 / 4°6'43"W

OS Eastings: 259125

OS Northings: 372880

OS Grid: SH591728

Mapcode National: GBR 5Q.09KV

Mapcode Global: WH541.TY1Y

Entry Name: New Dock (quay)

Listing Date: 24 May 2000

Last Amended: 24 May 2000

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 23439

Building Class: Miscellaneous

Location: Built on Bangor flats at the mouth of the Afon Cegain which flows into the Menai Strait at this point.

County: Gwynedd

Community: Llandygai (Llandyg√°i)

Community: Llandygai

Locality: Porth Penrhyn

Built-Up Area: Bangor

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire

Find accommodation in
Llandegfan

History

Although shipments of slate were being sent to Ireland from Abercegin (the original name for the area) as early as 1713, it was not until 1790 that Benjamin Wyatt, agent to the Penrhyn Estate since 1786, supervised the building of a stone wharf here, activity on which rapidly increased after the opening of the horse-drawn tramway from the Penrhyn Slate Quarry in 1801. The wharf was further extended in 1829-30 with a final extension in 1855 when the breakwater was added on the eastern side, forming an inner basin.

Exterior

Wharf constructed of finely jointed large Anglesey limestone blocks with iron cramps, the inner basin curved to its southern end and with a breakwater at the north-eastern end curving inwards to protect the entrance to the harbour. There are 2 C19 cranes on the dock, one at the southern end of the inner basin, the other on the western side of the main quay. There are also a large number of bollards, both of stone (the earlier type) and cast-iron, to secure vessels along the western side of the main quay and around the inner basin.

Reasons for Listing

Listed at II* as a remarkably well-preserved late C18 dock associated with the rapid expansion of the slate industry and for its importance as the main centre for the export of its products until well into the C20.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Former Communal Lavatory
    Located on the western quay of New Dock at Porth Penrhyn.
  • II Former Locomotive Shed
    Located on eastern quayside of New Dock towards its southern end at the terminus of the former Penrhyn Railway.
  • II Dockmaster's Office
    Located on the western quayside of New Dock at Porth Penrhyn towards it southern end.
  • II The Cottage
    Located to the north-east of Port House and immediately north-west of the Penrhyn Estate Office; the cottage has a small garden in front and is approached from the west by a short flight of steps.
  • II Port House
    Located at the southern end of the harbour at Porth Penrhyn on junction of the two approach roads; small slate-paved forecourt with low wall and marks of former railings; garden to rear (south) bounde
  • II Penrhyn Estate Office
    Situated directly to the east of Port House and approximately 30m north-west of Port Lodge; low rubblestone wall in front with privet hedge following curve of road and ashlar gate piers aligned on mai
  • II Hen Swyddfa'r Porthladd (Old Port Office)
    Located approximately 20m to the south-west of Port House immediately to the north of Pont Penrhyn.
  • II Parapet/Boundary Walls on Port Lodge approach to Penrhyn Castle
    Eastern continuation of abutments to Pont Penrhyn, on the north side running down the lane between the Penrhyn Estate Office and Port House and on the south side towards Port Lodge; the walls also con

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