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Latitude: 51.4073 / 51°24'26"N
Longitude: -3.1703 / 3°10'13"W
OS Eastings: 318693
OS Northings: 168235
OS Grid: ST186682
Mapcode National: GBR HY.QP7P
Mapcode Global: VH6FM.0WBK
Entry Name: Church of St Lawrence
Listing Date: 3 October 2000
Last Amended: 25 September 2002
Source ID: 24060
Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary
Location: In small walled churchyard with stone stile at end of Fort Road, above cliffs of Lavernock Point.
County: Vale of Glamorgan
Community: Sully and Lavernock (Sili a Larnog)
Traditional County: Glamorgan
Parish church with medieval, possibly C12, origins. From C12 the Black Canons established their influence along both shores of the Bristol Channel; St Augustine's, Bristol held the Manor of Penarth, with the first church at Penarth probably built between 1186 and 1191 when William Saltmarsh was Bishop of Llandaff, Prior of Bristol and Lord of the Manor of Penarth. Lavernock, associated with the Norman manor of Cosmeston, is believed to have always been a Chapel of Penarth, though in C16 there was a specific link with Cogan. Churchyard has early C19 tombstones. Extensive restoration of 1852 refaced the building and replaced windows and roofs. Disfiguring strap pointing has been added at NW. The churchyard wall has a plaque recording the historic radio message in 1897 by Guglielmo Marconi and George Kemp, between Flatholm and Lavernock Point.
Small medieval parish church. Of local Blue Lias rubble with some ashlar dressings; Welsh slate roof with cruciform finials, kneelers and raised coping; slender bellcote at W. Plan of aisleless nave, S porch, narrow and shallow chancel. Windows have cusped lights. Gabled porch has plain chamfered pointed-arched doorway with voussoirs and 2-light square-headed nave window with moulded hood on each side. Similar single-light window to S side of chancel, and chamfered pointed-arched priests' doorway. Two-light E window with quatrefoil tracery. The N and W elevations have no windows. Plinth. At SE corner of chancel, at ground level, are stones inscribed with cross patterns. Incorporated into the NE and SE chancel are inscribed stones, probably C13 and depicting crosses.
Interior is mostly rendered with some areas of exposed stone, floor of mostly unglazed tiles. C19 roofs, 4 bays, arch-braced truses with exposed rafters to nave. Narrow pointed chancel arch, chamfered and stopped at base and with a raised impost band. Narrow chancel arch (Newman believes may reflect a C12 origin).
Listed primarily for special interest as historic parish church of Lavernock, although extensively restored.