History in Structure

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Pen-y-clawdd House

A Grade II Listed Building in Raglan, Monmouthshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7634 / 51°45'48"N

Longitude: -2.7885 / 2°47'18"W

OS Eastings: 345681

OS Northings: 207481

OS Grid: SO456074

Mapcode National: GBR JG.039C

Mapcode Global: VH79J.MY62

Entry Name: Pen-y-clawdd House

Listing Date: 31 January 2001

Last Amended: 31 January 2001

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 24719

Building Class: Domestic

Location: Situated on S side of lane running E from junction some 250m S of Pen-y-clawdd church, some 200m down lane.

County: Monmouthshire

Town: Monmouth

Community: Raglan (Rhaglan)

Community: Raglan

Locality: Pen-y-clawdd

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

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Llanishen

History

C17 3-room and passage plan house, formerly Upper Penyclawdd. Noted by Fox and Raglan as a Renaissance version of Old House, Llangoven. Much remodelled in later C19 and in 1905.
Recorded in 1349 as manor house for Pen-y-clawdd, then held by Walter de Rymbaud of Lawrence de Hastings, Earl of Pembroke. The lordship of the manor was subsequently held by the Cecil family, Sir John Herbert of Neath Abbey, by Francis Greville, 4th Lord Brooke in the C17, and from the mid C18 to 1799 by the Wilmot family. Sold 1799 to Hugh Powell, treasurer of St .Bartholomew's Hospital, London, in 1821 passed to his godson William Powell Rodney. In 1904 the Rodney family sold it to Mr. R. Baker-Gabb.
Extensions and renovations to the house and outbuildings were undertaken in the later C19, including the archway into the courtyard, dated 1861, and some enlargement of the house. Bradney records the enlargement and archway as carried out by John Hodges Winslow of Trelech. Externally the significant alterations were those made after 1904 by R. Baker-Gabb in an Arts and Crafts style. A photograph taken from the inner moat published in 1912 shows the house before restoration on a T-plan with blocked-up four-light mullion windows, Tudor drip moulds, stone slate roof and string course.

Exterior

Small country house, roughcast with slate roofs, and large roughcast lateral chimney on front wall, topped in red brick. Two-storey facade with a gable each end, all the detail either C19 or Arts and Crafts style of 1905. Gables have bargeboards, windows are timber-mullion with square leaded panes. Left gable has a small loft light, first floor triple casement and ground floor C20 window. Centre range has large early C20 sandstone ashlar porch with coped shouldered gable over 2 narrow cusped lights. Segment-headed doorway in right side wall. Small casement pair under eaves above, then big lateral chimney the shaft stepped in above eaves level. To right, first floor pair and triple casement, under eaves, over triple casement and early C20 flush ashlar doorcase with segmental head and plank door with fillets and strap hinges. Right cross-wing has big 3-light mullion and transom wtimber window each floor. Chimney on cross-wing rear gable. Windowless right side wall. To the rear a long single-storey attached cart range, open-fronted with slate roof.

Interior

Not available for inspection (December 1999). Information at RCAHMW, Aberystwyth, records a 3-room and cross-passage later C16 plan of parlour to W, hall with lateral chimney, cross-passage and then E cross-wing with kitchen, the large fireplace at S end. The W cross-wing was thought entirely C19. A timber pre-glazing double 2-light window with diamond mullion and 5-sided post between lights was found in a wall between chamber over the hall and the cross-wing, suggesting that the hall-parlour range predates the cross-wing. There were 2 doorways with shaped heads, one in the kitchen, the other between kitchen and cross-passage.

Reasons for Listing

Included as an important C16 to C17 house which may have originated as a medieval hall house. Remodelling of 1905 has added attractive Arts and Crafts Gothic porch and doorcase.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Archway at Pen-y-clawdd House
    Prominently sited on the edge of the road and some 0.25 km from the crossroads at St Martin's church, Pen-y-clawdd.
  • II Barn at Pen-y-clawdd House
    Prominently sited with its gable end to the road. At right-angles to, and outside the curtilage wall of Pen-y-clawdd House.
  • II Cross in St Martin's Churchyard
    Sited in the churchyard of St Martin's church, Pen-y-clawdd to the east of the path to the church and some 5m south of the porch.
  • II* Church of St Martin
    Prominently sited on an earthwork which forms the churchyard at the intersection of two roads at Pen-y-clawdd.
  • II Little Llanthomas
    About 1.4km W of the church of St Catwg, in a hollow at the end of a long farm track leading off the N side of a minor road leading W towards Pen-y-clawdd.
  • II* Old Trecastle Farmhouse
    Approached by a drive of some 300m, running W from road some 800m S of church at Penyclawdd.
  • II* Upper Tal-y-fan
    About 1.8km SSW of the church of St Dingat, on the E side of a farmtrack running off the old road between Mitchel troy and Raglan where it bends under the A40(T).
  • II Lower Tal-y-fan
    About 1.7km SSW of the church of St Dingat, on the W side of a farmtrack running off the old road between Mitchel troy and Raglan where it bends under the A40(T).

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