History in Structure

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Lydart House

A Grade II Listed Building in Mitchel Troy, Monmouthshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7841 / 51°47'2"N

Longitude: -2.7244 / 2°43'27"W

OS Eastings: 350126

OS Northings: 209739

OS Grid: SO501097

Mapcode National: GBR FK.YYMG

Mapcode Global: VH870.QFL5

Entry Name: Lydart House

Listing Date: 27 September 2001

Last Amended: 27 September 2001

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 25758

Building Class: Domestic

Location: On high ground about 1.1km SE of Mitchel Troy church, at the W end of its own straight drive off the NW side of the B4293.

County: Monmouthshire

Town: Monmouth

Community: Mitchel Troy (Llanfihangel Troddi)

Community: Mitchel Troy

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

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Mitchel Troy

History

Apparently a late C17 or early C18 vernacular farmhouse, enlarged and radically remodelled in the mid to later C18 as the residence of a gentleman of modest means: perhaps Kingsmill Evans, a bencher of Gray's Inn who had inherited it from his father c.1730; or his eldest son, also Kingsmill, a colonel of the First Foot Guards.

Exterior

A long and elegant white-painted 2½-storey 6-window facade with a simple round-headed doorway offset slightly right of centre, hornless 12-pane sashed windows symmetrically disposed on both floors, and a set of 4 small eyebrow dormers (offset right) at the front of a hipped roof swept over prominent bracketed eaves. But this deceives the eye, because the core of the building is an earlier L-plan farmhouse composed of a 2-unit main range: the centre and right-hand end of the present house (as defined by a ridge chimney offset left of centre), with a short 1-unit rear wing to its left half. This rear wing is now enclosed by additions to its W end and N side, while on its S side the basement level of the C18 wing survives in the form of a raised terrace in the SW angle. The land sloping down from front to rear, there are several openings at basement level to a full suite of cellar rooms to the whole house; otherwise, the main features of interest at the back are a canted bay to the ground floor, with multi-paned sashed glazing, and a tripartite sashed window above that. The N side of the house has a large round-headed stair-window in the centre, sashed, with radiating glazing bars, and a full-height canted bay near the rear corner, which has on each floor a round-headed sashed window with radiating glazing bars, a painted keystone, and thin imposts run out round each side, where they cross the heads of small 8-pane sashes.

Interior

The front door opens into a hall-shaped room which has a low ceiling with relatively small boxed-in beams, and a fireplace in the left (S) end wall, where the present owners found a series of earlier fireplaces. In the present kitchen behind this wall there is a full-height cupboard in the angle with the front wall, which has an arched or vaulted stone roof and may represent the site of a former entrance doorway to the hall. The rear wall of the hall is very thick. Behind it is a circulation passage, at the N end of which is a dog-legged staircase with open string and very fine "chinoiserie" balustrading. The roof is of 4 structural bays on the main (N-S) axis, with exposed collar trusses and purlins, and a similar construction over the original rear wing.

Reasons for Listing

Included as an interesting example of the transformation of a relatively small late C17 or early C18 vernacular farmhouse, of which some fabric survives, into an elegant Georgian design.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Lydart Farmhouse
    On high ground about 1.1km SE of Mitchel Troy church, at the end of a short farm track off the NW side of the B4293. An older road, now reduced to a track, passes immediately W of the house (now the r
  • II The Great House
    On an elevated site about 1.2km S of the church of St Michael, on the E side of a lane which runs N-S through Mitchel Troy Common.
  • II Lychgate to Church of St Michael
    In the centre of Mitchel Troy village.
  • II Church Farmhouse
    In the centre of the village, about 150m SW of the church of St Michael, set back on the S side of the old road between Monmouth and Raglan, in the E angle of the minor road running S to Mitchel Troy
  • II Cross in St Michael's Churchyard
    In the centre of Mitchel Troy village, on the N side of the old road from Monmouth to Raglan
  • II Church Farmhouse, Barn to W
    About 150m SW of the church of St Michael and 10m W of Church Farmhouse, set back on the S side of the old road between Monmouth and Raglan, in the E angle of the minor road running S to Mitchel Troy
  • II* Church of St Michael
    In the centre of Mitchel Troy village, on the N side of the old road from Monmouth to Raglan.
  • II Barn at Troy House Farm
    About 50m S of Troy House, beside a farm track off the S side of a bend in the road about 1.5km S of Monmouth.

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