History in Structure

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Nos. 40-46 Pen-y-dre (evens)

A Grade II Listed Building in Rhiwbina, Cardiff

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street View
Contributor Photos »

Street View is the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the building. In some locations, Street View may not give a view of the actual building, or may not be available at all. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5216 / 51°31'17"N

Longitude: -3.2158 / 3°12'56"W

OS Eastings: 315745

OS Northings: 180997

OS Grid: ST157809

Mapcode National: GBR K74.XJ

Mapcode Global: VH6F6.60TW

Entry Name: Nos. 40-46 Pen-y-dre (evens)

Listing Date: 30 November 2001

Last Amended: 30 November 2001

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 25933

Building Class: Domestic

Location: To R of No. 48, set slightly back from road.

County: Cardiff

Community: Rhiwbina (Rhiwbeina)

Community: Rhiwbina

Locality: Rhiwbina Garden Village (S)

Built-Up Area: Cardiff

Traditional County: Glamorgan

Find accommodation in
Llanishen

History

Garden City movement began at turn of C19/C20; Garden City Association was formed and a seminal conference held at Bourneville Birmingham in 1901. Pioneer developments were at Hampstead Garden Suburb and Letchworth. Aim was to provide workers with modest but good quality housing on the cottage principle in healthy green surroundings incorporating open spaces, adequate private gardens, with hedges and trees lining the roads. Garden Village houses were also amongst the first small houses to have inside lavatories, bathrooms, and to incorporate dpcs. In 1911 the Cardiff Workers' Cooperative Garden Village Society was formed which bought for development an area of Pentwyn Estate by Rhiwbina Halt. Raymond Unwin, a leading light in the movement, was invited to provide plans. Contemporary posters c 1913 issued by the Society and also the Garden Village Management Committee promoted it as 'Rhubina Fields', a suburb with convenient transport 'Rail from Rhymney Station, Motor Bus from North Road' and 'From Work to Home by Train or Bus. Gardening - Tennis - Country Walks.' Originally over 1000 houses were envisaged. First area to be developed in 1912-13 was the 'Village Green' Y Groes Nos. 1-22, together with Nos. 2-20 Lon Isa, an E/W road to the N, and Nos. 2-22 Lon-y-dail, a tree-lined N/S avenue to W; architect A H Mottram of Parker and Unwin and builder J O West. Next area to be developed in 1914 though only transferred to Garden Village in 1917 was Pen-y-dre, to S alongside a stream and incorporating footbridges; architect H Avray Tipping or assistant Eric Francis. T Alwyn Lloyd became architect in 1915 and continued the development to W, including a house for himself No. 11 Heol Wen which dominates Pen-y-dre. In 1920, 93 further houses were built and in 1922 another 26. School added in 1928. Garages began to be added 1930s, though by now plans were suffering a downturn. The Society employed its own staff of workmen to maintain the buildings. Houses were originally painted in cream with Buckingham Green windows. Rhiwbina Garden Village Ltd was wound up in 1981, a Conservation Area including almost all the development having been created in 1976.

Exterior

Group of 4 attached houses (Rhiwbina Type 2). Two storeys, roughcast render with band at first floor sill level; hipped slate roofs, brick stacks. Symmetrical composition with 8 window front (mainly original 16-pane sash windows). To centre, advanced 2-window bay with hipped roof with central round-arched passageway. To each side, 2 window bay with doorways close to inner angles of central block; original half-glazed doors under flat hoods. At ends, advanced bays with hipped roofs and single window to each floor. Ends have round-arched doorway and 2 windows on upper floor.

Windows of No. 40 all replaced.

Reasons for Listing

Included as an integral part of Rhiwbina Garden Village. Group Value.

Other nearby listed buildings

BritishListedBuildings.co.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact BritishListedBuildings.co.uk for any queries related to any individual listed building, planning permission related to listed buildings or the listing process itself.

British Listed Buildings is a Good Stuff website.