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Candy Mill with Miller's Cottage and Leat

A Grade II* Listed Building in Aberwheeler, Denbighshire

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Latitude: 53.2341 / 53°14'2"N

Longitude: -3.3374 / 3°20'14"W

OS Eastings: 310828

OS Northings: 371615

OS Grid: SJ108716

Mapcode National: GBR 6Q.0CSG

Mapcode Global: WH76P.PZY2

Entry Name: Candy Mill with Miller's Cottage and Leat

Listing Date: 20 May 2002

Last Amended: 20 May 2002

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 26643

Building Class: Industrial

Location: To east of the River Aberwheeler near Ty Draw farm, reached by a minor road from the A541. Leat from the river about 400 m to the north feeding a small pond to its east, the tailwater carried back to

County: Denbighshire

Community: Aberwheeler (Aberchwiler)

Community: Aberwheeler

Locality: Candy Mill

Traditional County: Denbighshire

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Probably C18 or early C19. The mill was recorded in 1842 as Candy Mill, on the Dinorben estate, tenanted by William Williams, with 3 acres (1.2 hectares) including a meadow above the mill and a small pasture below. The last miller in c.1950 was also a Mr Williams.

Candy Mill has additional importance as a very rare survival of a clover mill, one of only a few in Britain and probably the last in Wales. (The type was described by Davies in use in South Wales in 1815.)


A mill in uncoursed axe-dressed local limestone masonry with attached miller's house, the house retaining its slate roof but the mill roof now sheeted. The mill is of two storeys and its wheel is positioned internally at the centre. The headwater from the River Wheeler was collected in a small reservoir adjacent to the mill on the east side (now dry) and was passed to a tailwater culvert on the west.

The mill excluding the house consists of three sections; seen from the road, at left is a stable with a hayloft above, separated by a dividing wall from the rest of the mill. This is followed by loading doors aligned verically and the clover mill also with hayloft above. To the right, after the wheel position, is the corn mill on two storeys. In addition to the loading doors there are four hatches above, a stable door at left, three ground-storey windows centrally, and the entrance door to the mill at right. At the north end of the mill is a single storey later extension containing a further stable and cartshed. Another shed is attached to the rear.

The miller's house is to the right, separated by a full height wall. It has a two-window front elevation, with its door at left. Four-pane sash windows, modern door with overlight. Two window rear elevation also, with lean-to kitchen partly overlapping the mill.


At the centre of the mill is a large undershot composite wheel (approx. 7 m diameter by 2 m wide) with complete gearing and belting to all the machinery. The corn section of the mill to the south of the wheel is complete with two pairs of (Anglesey?) wheat stones; there is also a pair of (French burr?) stones for oats. Flour cleaning and grading machine below. At the other side of the wheel (to the north) is a clover mill. This is a single mill with a stock resembling the hub of a cartwheel but set vertically with spokes and beaters at regular distances around it.

A low opening in the south end wall of the mill (now walled up) gave access between the mill and the house. In the house it was located beneath the stairs. The house has two rooms below and three bedrooms, plus a kitchen in the lean-to extension at rear. Stone floor. Stairs against mill wall.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as an unusually intact corn mill with its machinery, including a clover mill; also a fine grouping of mill, house and outbuildings forming an unusually complete establishment.

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