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Aviaries at Aberglasney

A Grade II Listed Building in Llangathen, Carmarthenshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8792 / 51°52'45"N

Longitude: -4.0622 / 4°3'43"W

OS Eastings: 258147

OS Northings: 222080

OS Grid: SN581220

Mapcode National: GBR DS.RWJW

Mapcode Global: VH4J2.J1V7

Entry Name: Aviaries at Aberglasney

Listing Date: 30 January 2002

Last Amended: 30 January 2003

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 80842

Building Class: Gardens, Parks and Urban Spaces

Location: On the S side of the house.

County: Carmarthenshire

Community: Llangathen

Community: Llangathen

Locality: Aberglasney

Traditional County: Carmarthenshire

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Llangathen

History

Aberglasney was built by Bishop Rudd of St Davids from 1600 and was one of the largest houses in Carmarthenshire according to the hearth-tax assessment of 1670. It was sold in 1710 to Robert Dyer, who rebuilt and extended the house in the general form in which it now survives. It has been argued that the general layout of the gardens was the work of the Rudd family in the C17. Further major development was undertaken in the early C19, after the purchase by the Philipps family, which included the construction of coach houses and farm buildings around a courtyard NW of the house.

The aviaries were built c1880-6 to house ornamental pheasants, a fashionable adjunct to late Victorian country houses, and are shown on the 1887 Ordnance Survey.

Exterior

A row of 6 aviaries, comprising shelters in buff-coloured brick with monopitched slate roofs (in poor condition at the N end and missing on the 2 shelters at the S end), with flight cages to the front enclosed by dwarf walls. Each shelter has a segmental-headed doorway on the R side (the doors are missing), above the level of which are openings in the brickwork in cruciform patterns. The flight cages have coped dwarf walls (designed to separate and control the aggressive nature of cock pheasants) with central gateways (gates are missing) and iron arches to the cages, although they no longer retain their original iron meshes.

Reasons for Listing

Listed, notwithstanding present condition, as an integral component of one of the most important historic gardens in S Wales.

Other nearby listed buildings

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