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Church of St Garmon

A Grade II Listed Building in Ceiriog Ucha, Wrexham

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.8861 / 52°53'9"N

Longitude: -3.2522 / 3°15'8"W

OS Eastings: 315837

OS Northings: 332803

OS Grid: SJ158328

Mapcode National: GBR 6V.Q8HJ

Mapcode Global: WH78H.0QLB

Entry Name: Church of St Garmon

Listing Date: 23 May 2003

Last Amended: 23 May 2003

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 81150

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: In a picturesque location in the Ceiriog Valley, on the E edge of the village.

County: Wrexham

Community: Ceiriog Ucha

Community: Ceiriog Ucha

Locality: Llanarmon Dyffryn Ceiriog

Traditional County: Denbighshire

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Llanarmon Dyffryn-Ceiriog

History

The church is on an ancient site in a roughly circular churchyard, the entrance path flanked by very old yew trees. It is dedicated to St Garmon, C4-5, who reputedly founded a church here. The medieval church is said to have been rectangular with a square flat W tower and S porch; nothing of this structure remains.

Completely rebuilt in 1846 by Thomas Jones, architect, as a simple preaching box with Perpendicular-style windows. Restored in 1986/7 when it was in poor condition, particularly the interior.

North of the entrance path is a mound approx. 5m across, alleged to have been a preaching mound associated with St Garmon. Set in the top of the mound is a denuded stone, possibly part of a sundial or preaching cross.

Exterior

West tower incorporating porch; nave and chancel in one. Constructed of random grey stone, partly dressed, under reconstituted grey clay tiles. Splayed angles to building with quoins; high plinth with moulded coping; raised copings to gables with kneelers. Perpendicular-style windows with segmental-pointed heads containing bar tracery, the lights with cinquefoiled heads; yellow sandstone surrounds.

Three-stage tower supporting a short spire. The lower stage has splayed angles; the middle stage is stepped-in, the angles broached and continuous with the octagonal upper stage, which has battlemented parapets. Slate-covered spire surmounted by a weather vane. Doorway facing W with moulded square surround; double boarded doors under segmental-pointed arch with infilled spandrels. Relieving arch over. Small single lights to N and S sides of lower stage. Middle stage has 2-light windows to W, S and N sides. Upper octagonal stage has 2-light belfry openings in same style to E, W, S and N sides.

The N and S sides of the nave and chancel are 3-bay, the Perpendicular-style windows with 3 lights. The E end has a 5-light window under a segmental head. Plain diamond tablet to gable and cross finial to gable apex. The splayed angles of the W end have tiny rectangular lights to 2 storeys. Further tiny openings immediately flanking tower at gable level.

Interior

Single chamber nave and chancel. Five-bay roof; collar trusses supported by straight braces. Central aisle flanked by panelled box pews. Gallery to W end; late C17-early C18 turned balustrading to front, perhaps from earlier church on the site. The balustrading rests on a later wood panelled sill which bears a painted inscription recording that the church was rebuilt through the benevolence of F R West in 1846 to accommodate 212 persons. A grant of £70 from the Society for the Enlargement, Building and Repairing of Churches and Chapels was given, along with £125 from the Diocesan Society. Three tiers of benches to gallery; 4-centred archway to rear, now glazed, and modern staircase to N side. Panelled double doors beneath gallery forming entrance to church. To SW of nave, stone bowl font with traceried panels. At E end, turned altar rails as gallery front, flanked by square wood-panelled pulpits, recently reconstructed. These are an unusual feature; that to the S may have been a reading pew. Four small wall tablets, including to Phoebe Hughes (d. 1884), and a brass tablet to the poet John Ceiriog Hughes (1832-87). Stone tablet in memory of Phyllis Storey of Glan Dwr (d. 1987) who funded the late C20 restoration of the church.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as a small, well-detailed Victorian church in a consistent Perpendicular style which pre-dates the C19 ecclesiastical revival. The early foundation associated with St Garmon and the fine rural setting are of additional interest.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II The West Arms Hotel
    In the NW angle of the main crossroads in the centre of the village. The hotel fronts the road.
  • II Telephone Call-box adjacent to W gable end of Hand Inn
    Located in the centre of the village in the SE angle of the crossroads. Set diagonally to the W gable end of the Hand Inn.
  • II Milestone to NE of Llanarmon Dyffryn Ceiriog
    Located on the N side of the road on a grass bank, close to Pont Fawr which carries the B4500 into the village.
  • II Old Mill Welsh Shop
    To the SW of the main crossroads in the centre of the village. The building is located between 2 short rows of houses and is approached from the N or S.
  • II Pen y bryn
    The farm is on a narrow lane which runs N from Llanarmon Dyffryn Ceiriog towards Nantyr. It is located within a sharp bend on the E side of the lane, approx 0.5km from the village centre, and faces S
  • II Secondary Dwelling at Hafod Adams
    Located immediately to the W of Harod Adams Farmhouse. The W elevation overlooks the Nant Caledwynt, whilst the E side faces the farmhouse.
  • II Hafod Adams
    Located on the W side of a lane which runs N from the B4500, between Tregeiriog and Llanarmon Dyffryn Ceiriog. The entrance faces W, away from the road.
  • II Ty'n y rhos
    The farm is reached off the E side of a track which runs N from Llanarmon Dyffryn Ceiriog towards Nantyr. It is approx 1.5km from the village centre. The cottage faces S and is built along the slope

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