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National Westminster Bank

A Grade II Listed Building in Carmarthen, Carmarthenshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8565 / 51°51'23"N

Longitude: -4.3059 / 4°18'21"W

OS Eastings: 241297

OS Northings: 220063

OS Grid: SN412200

Mapcode National: GBR DG.T8LS

Mapcode Global: VH3LH.BL0N

Entry Name: National Westminster Bank

Listing Date: 28 November 2003

Last Amended: 28 November 2003

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 82172

Building Class: Commercial

Location: Situated facing down Queen Street towards SW end of King Street.

County: Carmarthenshire

Community: Carmarthen

Traditional County: Carmarthenshire

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Carmarthen

History

Bank premises of 1903-4 by W.W.Gwyther of London, built for the National Provincial Bank.
Possibly on the site of the town house of the Philipps of Cwmgwili c1790, which had itself become commercial premises by 1814 - a chemists shop, of Samuel Tardrew (mayor in 1846) then Smith & Co, c.1850-64. Sold in 1864 to the National Provincial Bank, and altered by Thomas George. Old photographs show a 3-storey, 4-bay stuccoed neo-Grec building with broad giant pilasters to upper floors. The bank took over the Carmarthen bank of David Morris & Sons in 1871.
In 1904 when opened, interior was described as having a ceramic mosaic floor, panelled ceiling with enriched cornices supported on decorated columns. There was mahogany joinery and a wrought iron counter screen. The manager's residence was above with first floor drawing, dining and morning rooms, 3 bedrooms on the second floor and three in attic. 1937 photos show panelled counter with wrought iron screens, panelled ceiling on big Ionic columns with bases at counter-top height and a chequered marble floor.

Exterior

Banking premises, yellow Cefn stone and Ruabon red brick with granite plinth. Slate mansard roof behind parapet and brick end stacks. Three storeys and attic, 5 bays, Edwardian classical style. Corniced ashlar ground floor with door to left and 2 big 3-light mullion and transom windows. Double 3-panel doors with overlight in flush moulded surround with broad shallow-curved hood with wings on big corbel brackets. The frieze below the cornice formerly was lettered with name of bank. Upper floors are brick with ashlar dressings: surrounds with apron panels to first floor windows, the sills linked by sill course, raised band between floors and flush sill band to second floor, deep frieze and big modillion cornice with balustraded 5-bay parapet. Four-pane sashes, smaller to upper floor, and 3 curved-headed dormers with 4-pane sashes.
Rear is red brick with crosswing to left.

Interior

Interior altered but retaining elements of 1904. Inner lobby has hardwood half-glazed screen with half-glazed panelled door and overlight to stair hall. Moulded hall cornice, stairs with turned newels, turned balusters and ramped rail, one long flight, half-turn to landing and shorter flight to upper floor with fluted newels and closed string. Five-panel doors to first floor.
Banking hall has 2 Ionic columns to centre with answering pilasters on each side wall and one on front and one on rear wall. Panelled ceiling with moulded cornices.

Reasons for Listing

Included as a substantial Edwardian bank building prominently set at the head of Queen Street.

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