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Hayban and cowhouse at Berth-ddu

A Grade II Listed Building in Trawsfynydd, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.8887 / 52°53'19"N

Longitude: -3.9184 / 3°55'6"W

OS Eastings: 271021

OS Northings: 334085

OS Grid: SH710340

Mapcode National: GBR 5Z.Q2LZ

Mapcode Global: WH55W.SN89

Entry Name: Hayban and cowhouse at Berth-ddu

Listing Date: 27 February 2004

Last Amended: 27 February 2004

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 82536

Building Class: Agriculture and Subsistence

Location: Close to the west side of the A470, to the NE of the house at Berth-ddu, detached from the main farmyard.

County: Gwynedd

Community: Trawsfynydd

Community: Trawsfynydd

Locality: Nant Bryn Llefrith

Traditional County: Merionethshire

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Trawsfynydd

History

Probably built in two phases, with the cowhouse (to the south) the earlier of the two structures. This may be C18 or early C19, but the adjacent haybarn is of a type and character that suggest a mid C19 date - perhaps it was built as an improvement to an open rick yard. The house at Berth-ddu appears to have been newly built in the mid C19, possibly in the context of farm amalgamation - the haybarn could be contemporary with it.

Exterior

Two buildings in parallel, built into the slope such that gable pitching doors are accessible from the higher ground level,.and linked by a high wall at the lower end. The cowhouse to the south is of rough rubble boulder construction with slate close-eaved roof. Pitching door in upper gable (rest of structure not seen, but main doorway in lower gable presumed). Adjacent haybarn to the north is also boulder-built, but with more obvious coursing. Orthostatic stone slab pillars to open sides, and close-eaved slate roof. Pitching door in upper gable end.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as an especially good example of a field cow-house with its associated haybarn, clearly illustrating the practices of animal husbandry characteristic of upland agriculture. The structures form a functionally integrated group, but each is a good example of its type, the haybarn with its slab pillars a notable example of a significant regional building type.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Outbuilding at Berth-ddu
    Between the house and the detached cow-house and haybarn, close to the west side of the A470, and built against sloping ground.
  • II Berth-ddu
    On the west side of the A470 between Trawsfynydd and Bronaber, about 1km south of Llyn Trawfynydd. The house is to the SE of its farmyard, and faces away from it, in a small enclosed garden
  • II Milestone by Bryn Llefrith
    Set along the E side of a country road which leads SSE off the A470 to S of Trawsfynydd to Penystryd and on to Abergeirw and Dolgellau. The milestone is set in the wall to S of the entrance to Bryn L
  • II Milepost by Fron-oleu
    Set alongside the E side of the A470 S of Fron-oleu; to S of the village of Trawsfynydd
  • II Pont Trawsfynydd
    Spanning the Afon Prysor at the S end of the village of Maentwrog and carrying Fronwynion Street, which leads into the village directly off the A470.
  • II* Yr Ysgwrn Farmhouse, stable and cartshed
    Sited on rising ground on the S side of Cwm Prysor and reached via a farm track off the road from Trawsfynydd.
  • II Capel Moriah Fro
    In a prominent location, within a railed enclosure, raised above the W side of Pen y Garreg Street in the centre of the village of Trawsfynydd.
  • II Statue of Hedd Wyn
    In a slightly elevated position at the W side of Pen y Garreg Street, in the centre of the village of Trawsfynydd.

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