History in Structure

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Cromwell House

A Grade II Listed Building in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6762 / 51°40'34"N

Longitude: -4.9193 / 4°55'9"W

OS Eastings: 198256

OS Northings: 201530

OS Grid: SM982015

Mapcode National: GBR G8.WDDB

Mapcode Global: VH1S6.P47B

Entry Name: Cromwell House

Listing Date: 14 July 1981

Last Amended: 29 July 2005

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 84967

Building Class: Domestic

Location: On the S side of the road some 35m E of Pembroke Castle.

County: Pembrokeshire

Town: Pembroke

Community: Pembroke (Penfro)

Community: Pembroke

Built-Up Area: Pembroke

Traditional County: Pembrokeshire

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Pembroke

History

Substantial later C18 town house altered in late C19 when it became part of the Cromwell Brewery, founded by Robert George & Son c. 1880. The house is probably on an earlier basement, as the cellar has heavy beams, possibly late C17 or C18. The front room has delicate plasterwork of c. 1780-1820, and staircase looks later C18.
The big brewery building adjoining was built in 1879-82 on the site of the old Customs House. The George's firm was merged with the Swansea Old Brewery 1896 and taken over by W. Hancock's in 1927. Part of the Haven Christian Centre since late C20. A trade engraving of 1893 shows a simpler house front without the stucco detail to windows and door, nor the string courses and angle pilasters.

Exterior

Large terraced house, painted stucco with slate roof, the brick end stacks removed since 1981. Moulded dentilled eaves. Plinth, angle pilasters (as on Nos 2 and 3), two sill courses broken forward over pilasters, which have moulded capitals and moulded course below friezes, moulded architraves to upper windows, hoodmoulds to ground floor windows. Three storeys, four bays with plate-glass sash windows. Doorway in third bay from left hand with stuccoed pediment on consoles. Recessed 6-panel door with 3-pane overlight.
Rubble stone left wall within former brewery throughway.
Long rear wing much altered in late C20 conversion to residential units. Three storeys, three bays, then two two-storey houses. Stone stack at end of three storey range.

Interior

Entrance passage with larger room to E, smaller to W. E room has panelled shutters and finely moulded late Georgian cornice with undercut classical leaf detail. Ceiling border with rosettes. Early C19 grey marble fireplace with roundels in top corners. Right hand room is altered. Fielded-panelled 4-pane door to staircase to rear of W room. Stair has thick square balusters, scrolled tread ends, and handrail ramped up to square newels. Six-panel doors with fielded panels. Fielded panelled shutters throughout. C19 fireplaces. Four-panel fielded-panelled doors to attic. Cellar beneath front has four heavy chamfered beams, and to rear SW part has C18 shallow brick vault and arched storage bins at W. There is thought to be another cellar parallel to right.

Reasons for Listing

Included as a substantial late Georgian town house retaining original internal detail.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II No.3 Westgate Hill,,,,,dyfed,
    On the S side of the road opposite the entrance to Pembroke Castle.
  • II Former Cromwell Brewery
    On the S side of the road some 50m E of Pembroke Castle.
  • II Former Drill Hall front buildings
    On the N side of the road just E of Pembroke Castle some 70m W of the junction of Castle Terrace and Northgate Street.
  • II War memorial
    Near the top of Westgate Hill on the N side of the road at the entrance to Pembroke Castle.
  • II Pembroke Castle Shop
    Near the top of Westgate Hill on the N side of the road at the entrance to Pembroke Castle.
  • II ,5,Westgate Hill,,,,
    On the S side of the road opposite Pembroke Castle and some 100m E of Monkton Bridge.
  • II No.4 Castle Terrace,,,,,dyfed,
    On the N side of the road just E of Pembroke Castle some 35m W of the junction of Castle Terrace and Northgate Street.
  • II Westgate House
    On the S side of Main Street some 25m W of its junction with Northgate Street.

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