History in Structure

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Lower House

A Grade II Listed Building in Hanmer, Wrexham

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.9557 / 52°57'20"N

Longitude: -2.8357 / 2°50'8"W

OS Eastings: 343951

OS Northings: 340144

OS Grid: SJ439401

Mapcode National: GBR 7D.KTYZ

Mapcode Global: WH89F.DYWY

Entry Name: Lower House

Listing Date: 15 November 2005

Last Amended: 15 November 2005

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 86943

Location: Reached by farm track on the N side of the A539, approximately 1.6km WNW of Hanmer.

County: Wrexham

Community: Hanmer

Community: Hanmer

Locality: Cumber's Brook

Traditional County: Flintshire

Find accommodation in
Hanmer

History

A freehold farmhouse of probably C18 origin, when it was a small 1½-storey house. This had a 2-unit plan, interior details of which survive in the central kitchen. The house was extended in the early C19 when the present upper storey was built, an additional unit was added on the R side, and the L-hand end was extended slightly. The rear wing probably replaced an earlier projection shown on the 1839 Tithe map, and is shown on the 1873 Ordnance Survey. The R-hand end has subsequently been rebuilt, evidence for which are irregular vertical joints in the front and rear walls.

Exterior

A 2-storey 3-window house of brick with slate roof, and brick stacks to the L of centre and R end. Its entrance to the R of centre has a half-glazed door. Windows are 3-light casements, under segmental heads in the lower storey, below the eaves in the upper storey, and the middle windows are offset L of centre. To the R of the entrance is a vertical joint indicating that the R-hand unit was added later, but is contemporary with the present upper storey. The upper storey is built of bricks of a slightly different colour to the original bricks, the upper extent of which is defined by a header course at sill level. At the R-hand end windows are not aligned between storeys. Set back from the L-hand end is another vertical joint, indicating the extension of the house slightly at he L-hand end.

In the L gable end is a casement window under a wooden lintel, L of which, i.e. set back from the front, is a lean-to with boarded door in the end wall. The lean-to has renewed windows and continues across the rear wing, where there is an open porch on a single thin steel post, leading to the back door. The rear wing, which has a higher eaves line than the main range, incorporates a continuous outshut in line with the L gable end of the main house. The outshut has an inserted window. The opposite side wall of the rear wing has segmental 3-light windows in each storey, plus a small inserted window upper L. In the junction of main range and wing the main range has an inserted 3-light window below the eaves.

Interior

The house has a 3-unit plan. The entrance opens to the central kitchen, which has a cross beam and fireplace with timber lintel. On its R side is a closed-string staircase.

Reasons for Listing

Listed for its special architectural interest as a farmhouse retaining definite C19 character, representing the final phase of vernacular house building in the district and unusual in having been a freeholding in the middle of a large estate.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II* The Wern
    Accessed via a drive running N from the A539 1km approx. W of Hanmer village.
  • II Stryt Lydan Farm-house
    On the W side of a lane that runs S from the A539 2km approx. W of Hanmer village
  • II The Dukes
    On the N side of a minor road approximately 1km WSW of Horseman's Green.
  • II West View
    Set back on the E side of a minor road at the S end of the hamlet.
  • II Stryt Lydan
    Set back from the road approximately 1.1km E of Penley.
  • II* The Bryn
    Reached by a short farm road on the E side of Bryn Lane, approximately 1.6km W of Horseman's Green h
  • II Mere House
    Set in its own grounds to NW of Hanmer Mere with the driveway entry approx 200m to W of the churchya
  • II Gates, gate piers and railings at NE entrance to Gredington Park
    Set back on the S side of the road through Hanmer, NE of Home Farm and approximately 400m SW of the

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