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Gateway and walls to "The Abbey"

A Grade II* Listed Building in Marloes and St. Brides (Marloes a Sain Ffrêd), Pembrokeshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7526 / 51°45'9"N

Longitude: -5.1837 / 5°11'1"W

OS Eastings: 180353

OS Northings: 210787

OS Grid: SM803107

Mapcode National: GBR G2.XNMN

Mapcode Global: VH1RP.36GS

Entry Name: Gateway and walls to "The Abbey"

Listing Date: 23 February 1998

Last Amended: 23 February 1998

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 87482

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: Situated at St Brides Green, some 200m SW of St Brides Cross and some 200m SE of the coast at St Brides Haven.

County: Pembrokeshire

Town: Haverfordwest

Community: Marloes and St. Brides (Marloes a Sain Ffrêd)

Community: Marloes and St. Brides

Locality: St Brides

Traditional County: Pembrokeshire

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Marloes

History

Gateway and walled gardens of the largely demolished original gentry house at St Brides, erroneously called The Abbey. First recorded as `le Hill' in 1298 the house belonged to the de St Bride family, and then in the late C15 passed to the Laugharne family. John Laugharne died in 1715, his heiress marrying William Philipps of Sandyhaven who may have built the new house on the site of the present St Brides Castle in the 1730s. It was one of the larger houses of Pembrokeshire in the C17, having 11 hearths in 1670. Fenton in 1811 thought that the old house had been quadrangular, enclosed by a high battlemented wall with wall-walk and arched gateways to front and side. These gateways survive, of the house itself a ruined one-room section of some two and a half storeys remains without dateable features. The gateways may be C16 or early C17.

Exterior

Extensive series of walls to N of site of St Brides mansion. Rubble stone walls surrounding a large rectangular walled garden running E-W with narrow forecourt of same depth at E end and further walled area of same depth to E, about one quarter the length, with the cottages of The Green (separately listed) built onto N side. A further wall extends diagonally ENE from the SE corner towards the lane at the E for some 100 metres. The forecourt has a fine N entrance gateway with cambered-arched entry set to left under heavily corbelled embattled parapet, the parapet of 5 large crenellations with loops in centre 3. Within the forecourt are embattled walls both sides and another cambered headed archway opens to W into the main walled garden to the W. The front to the garden also has a corbelled embattled parapet. At the W end of this walled garden is small doorway into the garden of the former vicarage, with stone voussoirs and scratched date 1757. On outside of the N wall, near to main gateway is a roofless lean-to structure said to have been a smithy, with window, door and window to front and curved hearth in left end wall.

Reasons for Listing

A rare example of the forecourt walls and embattled gateways of a gentry house of the late medieval or early modern period.

Other nearby listed buildings

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