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Palladium House

A Grade II Listed Building in West End, London

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5143 / 51°30'51"N

Longitude: -0.1403 / 0°8'25"W

OS Eastings: 529139

OS Northings: 181129

OS Grid: TQ291811

Mapcode National: GBR DC.NB

Mapcode Global: VHGQZ.J65F

Entry Name: Palladium House

Listing Date: 16 January 1981

Last Amended: 25 June 2002

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1357168

English Heritage Legacy ID: 208545

Location: Westminster, London, W1F

County: London

District: City of Westminster

Electoral Ward/Division: West End

Built-Up Area: City of Westminster

Traditional County: Middlesex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: St Anne Soho

Church of England Diocese: London

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Listing Text


1900/57/42 GREAT MARLBOROUGH STREET W1
16-JAN-81 SOHO
PALLADIUM HOUSE
ARGYLL STREET
SOHO
1-4

(Formerly listed as:
ARGYLL STREET W1
SOHO
1-6)
(Formerly listed as:
GREAT MARLBOROUGH STREET
SOHO
IDEAL HOUSE)

II

1-4 Argyll Street. Formerly known as Ideal House.
Corner office block. 1928-9 by Raymond Hood in collaboration with Gordon Jeeves, extended northwards in 1935. Polished black granite facing, metal casement windows, enamel trimmings; flat roof not visible. 7 storeys with a recessed attic storey. 7 windows wide on upper floors to Great Marlborough Street, 11 windows to Argyll Street where they are arranged in spaced groups of 4 and 7 bays, reflecting two phases of construction. Ground floor with large flat arched display windows and doorways pierced without moulding but emphasised by inlaid frame of bronze champlev? enamelled plates in formalised lotus and jazz-moderne geometric patterns in a range of yellows and oranges, greens and gold. Plain openings with metal casements to upper floors. The champlev? motifs appear again as a frieze pierced by the 6th floor windows and reappear on the stepped and coved main cornice and similarly coved attic cornice, each of Egyptian inspiration.
INTERIOR: not inspected.
HISTORY: this building was constructed for the National Radiator Company, and was a reduced version of the American Radiator Building on Bryant Park, Manhattan, the New York premises of the National Radiator Corporation by Raymond Hood, the parent company of the English firm. The black and gold colours reflect the livery of the company. It comprised a ground floor show room with lettable offices above. Originally the building comprised the southernmost four bays, but was extended by a further seven bays to the north in 1935. A very unusual instance of a London-scaled American tower block design, embellished with the sort of Art Deco or 'Moderne' details in fashion following the Paris Exhibition of 1925. This is the only European building of Raymond Hood, described by A. Saint as the 'wittiest and most thoughtful of the inter-war New York skyscraper architects'. The enamel surround to the Argyll Street entrance was removed and is now in the Victoria & Albert Museum.
SOURCES: 'Survey of London' Vol. XXXI (1963), 307; Elain Harwood and Andrew Saint, 'Exploring England's Heritage: London' (1991), 216.

Listing NGR: TQ2913981129

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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