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Description: Wasses Farmhouse
Date Listed: 21 October 1982
English Heritage Building ID: 115457
OS Grid Reference: TL7608815689
OS Grid Coordinates: 576088, 215689
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8121, 0.5530
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TL 7615 TERLING BRAINTREE ROAD
8/109 Wasse's Farmhouse
House. Early to mid C16, altered in early C17 and C20. Timber framed,
plastered, roofed with handmade red clay tiles. 2-bay hall range facing NE, and
incomplete original crosswing to right, the front bay rebuilt in 1982. Early
C17 2-bay crosswing to left, and internal stack at the junction. Hall range of
one storey with attic, right crosswing of 2 storeys, left crosswing of 2 storeys
with attic. 3 C20 casements on ground floor, 5 on first floor, including 2 in
gabled dormers. C20 door. Grouped diagonal shafts. The hall range has jowled
posts, part of the severed central tiebeam and brace to it (which are not
smoke-blackened), an early C17 inserted floor comprising a chamfered axial beam
with lamb's tongue stops, and plain joists of vertical section supported on
pegged clamps; the roof has been rebuilt in softwood, the rear pitch to a
shallower angle than the front. The right crosswing originally had 2 long bays
and a short smoke-bay to the rear, but the front bay has been demolished and
replaced by the 1982 part. It has jowled and chamfered posts with step stops,
plain joists of horizontal section, a blocked original stair trap, and twin
service doorways - one with hollow-moulded jambs and 4-centred arched head, and
moulded outer frame, intact but blocked, the other just a residual fragment.
Crownpost roof with thin axial bracing. Original wattle and daub partition in
the roof between the smoke bay and the middle bay, heavily smoke-blackened. The
left crosswing has jowled and chamfered posts with lamb's tongue stops, and
chamfered axial beams with lamb's tongue stops at both floors; the attic is
wholly plastered, but the roof appears to be rebuilt. The 2 ground floor
hearths are much altered. This house is of a type rare in Essex. The absence
of smoke-blackening in the hall range indicates the former existence of a
timber-framed chimney, of which no trace remains. The placing of the main stack
at the 'high' end is itself unusual. The original smoke bay is one of very few
examples known in Essex. These 3 unusual features, all concerned with heating,
provide valuable evidence of a process of experimentation in the C16 and early
C17. RCHM 14.
Listing NGR: TL7608815689
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.