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Abbey Mill, Coggeshall

Description: Abbey Mill

Grade: I
Date Listed: 2 May 1953
English Heritage Building ID: 116049

OS Grid Reference: TL8554622145
OS Grid Coordinates: 585546, 222145
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8670, 0.6935

Location: 3 Abbey Lane, Coggeshall, Essex CO6 1RD

Locality: Coggeshall
Local Authority: Braintree District Council
County: Essex
Country: England
Postcode: CO6 1RD

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Listing Text

(south side)

9/18 Abbey Mill (formerly
2.5.53 listed as Water Mill
at Coggeshall Abbey)


Watermill. C17/18, altered in C19. Timber framed, weatherboarded, roofed with
handmade red plain tiles. Single range aligned E-W, approximately 39 metres
long, incorporating a cottage with axial stack, gig-house and stables at E end.
Mid-C19 lean-to engine-house of red brick in Flemish bond, roofed with slate,
near middle of N side, and chimney to N of it. Single-storey lean-to extension
at E end, roofed with corrugated iron. 2 storeys, and loft floor in gambrel
roof. The S elevation has on the ground floor 6 early C19 fixed lights and one
horizontal sash, all of small panes, and one late C19 sash of 4 lights; and on
the first floor 12 C19 casements and a continuous line of 22 early C19 fixed
lights and casements; much handmade glass, some of it green; 6 skylights. Plain
boarded doors on ground and first floor; C19 flush 4-panel door to cottage;
double vehicle doors and halved door to gig-house and stable. Roof half-hipped.
Wrought iron weathervane with gilt fish at W end. The structure has numerous
screw-bolted knees. The chimney has square first and second stages, round
above; on the first stage is an inscription 'B.A. Feb. 26, 1857' (possibly for
Robert Bridge Appleford); the second stage has an arched recess in each side.
Breast-shot wheel 3.84 metres in diameter with iron paddles. Sluice gates
renewed c.1977. 4 pairs of French burr stones. Cast iron pit wheel embossed
with 'A. Clubb, millwright, 1840' (of Colchester). Mechanism complete and in
working order in 1987, with all ancillary equipment, fully described by H.
Benham in Some Essex Water Mills, 1976, 62-4. There is a history of fulling on
this site. It is not known whether the present mill was originally built for
fulling, but from 1820 it was opened as a silk-throwing mill for John Hall,
formerly of Coventry. In 1839 this business was transferred to the Gravel
Factory in West Street, Coggeshall, and the mill was bought by the Appleford
family and converted to corn-grinding. Many of the windows date from the Hall
period, but there is no trace of the working equipment. The mill remained in
commercial use by the Appleford family until 1960, adapted for steam in 1857 or
earlier. The steam engine and related equipment has been removed, and the
height of the chimney has been reduced.

Listing NGR: TL8554622145

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.