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Description: 12 the Street
Date Listed: 29 March 2006
Building ID: 1423332
OS Grid Reference: SU8264245098
OS Grid Coordinates: 482642, 145098
Latitude/Longitude: 51.1991, -0.8186
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FARNHAM Wrecclesham, THE STREET, No. 12
House, formerly farmhouse. Mainly mid C18 but retaining part of an earlier C17 building to the north. Built of brick in English bond to the east, Flemish bond to the sides and Sussex bond to the rear. Tiled roof with two end brick chimneystacks, the northern one larger and catslide roof to the rear. Two storeys with cellar to the southern end and three windows to the east.PLAN: A three bay house with central entrance, end chimneystacks and integral full-width outshot to rear.EXTERIOR: The east or entrance front has a brick modillion cornice. The windows are C20 oak casements with rubbed brick lintels and leaded lights, most with pintle hinges. The central doorcase has a moulded architrave and a flat hood on brackets with a six-panelled door, the top two panels glazed, the lower ones fielded. The north side is also of painted brick without window openings. The south side is tile-hung to the upper floor with two casement windows. The west or rear elevation has a C20 casement window.INTERIOR: The northern ground floor room, originally the main living room and cooking source, now a sitting room, has an open fireplace with C17 brickwork and wooden bressumer with saltholes and wooden side seats. There is an axial beam with a lambs tongue stop. There is a two panelled door into the original Parlour, now Dining Room, to the south. This has a central axial beam and the walls have C18 wooden partitions of thin scantling originally plastered over and an early C19 built-in china cupboard with serpentine shelves. The rear outshot has exposed beams and a plank ledged door with forged metal hinges and latch. A C20 straight flight flight staircase leads to the upper floor which has original door architraves and some exposed beams. The roof structure of one raking queenstrut with carpenter's mark to the north and three upright queenposts with clasped purlins, rafters and rafters with ridgepiece survives intact. There is a cellar to the southern side accessed by winding stairs with a well and three niches for standing candles. HISTORY: From documentary evidence this was an isolated freehold curtilage amongst copyhold curtilages of the Farnham manor of the Bishop of Winchester which were all mediaeval farmsteads and this site was probably also a farmstead. It appears to be shown on Rocque's 1768 map. On the 1839 and 1872 maps it is shown dwarfed by adjoining buildings some of which were in use as a malthouse with a reference to a hopkiln, but these adjoining buildings had been demolished by the mid C20. In the C19 it was called Leyland House. The ground floor retains evidence that there was once a one storeyed building attached. This was said to have been a butcher's shop which is shown in postcards of 1905 and 1910 but has since been demolished.SUMMARY OF IMPORTANCE: A substantially intact mainly mid C18 brick house retaining its plan form of three bays with central entrance, end chimneystacks and integral outshot to rear, with an older open fireplace surviving from an earlier building on the site and other original features including a built-in china cupboard, doors and exposed beams.SOURCES: "Domestic Buildings Research Group Surrey". Report no 4693. November 2004.
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.